The research on the approach has now adequately shown how leaders behaviours are associated with performance outcomes 2. Has failed to find a universal style of leadership that could be effective in almost every situation 3. Implies that the most effective leadership style is the high-high style (high task, high relationship) May not be the case in all situations Chapter 5: Situational Approach Situational Approach o Focuses on leadership in situations o Premise of the theory is that diff situations demand diff kinds of leaderships o Stresses that leadership is composed of both a directive and a supportive dimension – and that each has to be applied appropriately in a given situation o Suggest leaders should change the degree to which they are directive or supportive to meet the changing needs of follower o Illustrated in the SLII model Leadership style and development level of followers Leadership Styles
o Consist of the behaviour pattern of a person who attempts to influence others o Includes direct and supportive behaviours o Direct behaviour Help group members accomplish goals by giving directions, establishing goals and methods of evaluation, setting timelines, defining roles Involves 1-way communication Clarify what is to be done and who is responsible for doing it o Supportive behaviour Helps group feel comfortable about themselves, coworkers, and situation Involves 2-way communication Asking for input, solving probs, praising, sharing info about one self and listening Leadership styles can be classified into 4 distinct categories High directive-low supportive style (1) (AKA directing style) o Leaders focuses communication on goal achievement and spends smaller amount of time using supportive behaviours o Give instructions about what and how goals are to be achieved High directive-high supportive style (2) (AKA coaching) o Leader focuses communication on both achieving goals and meeting follower’s socioemotional needs o Requires the leader involve themselves with the followers by encouragement and input o Extensions of S1 Give instructions about what and how goals are to be achieved High supportive- low directive (3) (AKA supporting approach) o Leader does not focus on goals but uses supportive behaviours that bring out follower’s skills around the goal to be accomplished o Listening, praising, asking for input, and giving feedback Low supportive –low directive style (4) (AKA delegating approach) o Offers less goal input and social support, facilitating follower’s confidence and motivation in reference to the goal o Leader lessens involvement in planning, control of details, and goal clarification o Let’s followers take responsibility for getting the job done the way they see fit Development Levels o Degree to which followers have the competence and commitment necessary to accomplish a given goal or activity o Indicates whether a person has mastered the skills to achieve a specific goal and whether a
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- Fall '13