vii Contents 1 Background and Earlier Research 1 References 9 2 Contemporary

Vii contents 1 background and earlier research 1

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vii
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Contents 1 Background and Earlier Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2 Contemporary Perspectives on Teaching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.1 The Need to Adapt Teaching to Student Characteristics . . . . . . 11 2.2 Didactic Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 Basic Concepts in Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.1 Information Literacy Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.2 Equivalence of the Concept in Various Languages . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3 Objectives of Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.4 International Concerns on Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3.5 Competencies in Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3.6 Standards of Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.6.1 Structure of Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.6.2 International Standards of Information Literacy . . . . . . 28 3.7 Models of Information Literacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.7.1 SCONUL Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.7.2 CILIP Information Literacy Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 3.7.3 Seven Faces of Information Literacy in Higher Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 4 Accessing Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 4.1 De fi ning the Need of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 4.1.1 Expressing and De fi ning the Need of Information . . . . 40 4.2 Research Question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.3 Research Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.4 Keywords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.5 Using a Thesaurus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 ix
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4.6 Boolean Logic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 4.7 Search of Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 4.8 Truncation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Webography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 5 Locating and Retrieving Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 5.1 Traditional Information Sources Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 5.2 Cataloguing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 5.2.1 Bibliographic Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 5.2.2 Descriptive Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 5.2.3 Classi fi cation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 5.2.4 Indexing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 5.2.5 Thesaurus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 6 Information Search Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 6.1 Traditional Library Catalogues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 6.1.1 Search Information on Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 6.1.2 MetaSearch Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Webography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 7 Information Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 7.1 Evaluation of Scienti fi c Series Publications (Journals) . . . . . . . . 78 7.2 Peer Review Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 7.3 Bibliometric Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 7.4 Clarivate Analitycs WoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 7.4.1 Impact Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 7.4.2 LibGuides: Journal Impact Factors: Home . . . . . . . . . . 81 7.4.3 H-index, HIRSH Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 7.5 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 7.6 Web Resources Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 8 Information Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 8.1 Using Information in the Research Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 8.1.1 Role of Citation Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 8.1.2 Principles of Describing Information Sources . . . . . . . . 91 8.1.3 Citation Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 8.2 Citation Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 8.2.1 Author-Date System (Harvard System) . . . . . . . . . . . 94 8.2.2 Author-Title / Author-Page Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 8.2.3 Sequential Number System or Author-Number (Vancouver System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 8.2.4 References in a Notes System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 8.2.5 Citation Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 x Contents
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8.3 Using Microsoft Of fi ce Word-References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 8.3.1 Steps for Automatic Bibliography Generation . . . . . . . 99 8.4 Other Publications Identi fi cation Elements: International Codes for Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 8.4.1 International Standard Book Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 8.4.2 International Standard Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 8.4.3 International Standard Music Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 8.4.4 Digital Object Identi fi er . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 9 Information Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 9.1 Ethical Use of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 9.1.1 Plagiarism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 9.1.2 Citation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 9.1.3 Plagiarism Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 9.2 Intellectual Property. Copyright. Legislation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 9.3 Information Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 9.3.1 Creating and Presenting Academic Works . . . . . . . . . . 128 9.3.2 Presentation of Scienti fi c Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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