BANGS--classes of French adjectives that precede nouns (beauty, age, number, gender, size).FACE--spaces on the treble clef. Acrostics - Acrostics -- short phrases in which the initial letter of each word cues memory. ie-- Every Good Boy Does Fine=lines on the treble clef (EGBDF) 8 On Old Olympus’s Towering top, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops= 12 cranial nerves (olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, acoustic, glossopharyngeal, vagus, spinal accessory, hypoglossal) My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas= order of the planets, arranged by distance from the sun, nearest to farthest (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto). Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally= order of operations in algebra (parentheses, exponents, multiplication, division, addition, subtraction). group-administered IQ tests- With group admin IQ tests, results are much less likely to be reliable. Perhaps a child’s pencil broke, or a nearby child sneezed and snotted, or the intercom blasted in the middle of an important reasoning step. Do not put much stake on group administered IQ tests. individually-administered IQ tests- Individually administered IQ tests like the Stanford-Binet and the Weschler Scales (WPPSI, WISC-III, WAIS-R)
are better predictors of academic success than are group administered IQ tests. With indiv admin IQ tests, there is 1 to 1 contact with an adult. Questions are for the most part asked orally, requiring little reading and writing. timed tests- t imed IQ tests equate intelligence with speed, which appreciably handicaps the child who works best slowly and deliberately. So interpret IQ test scores with much caution and never use them as a sole evaluating measure of a person’s intelligence. measure of traditional school achievement ADHD- Attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD)--disruptive behavior disorder marked by excessive difficulty sustaining attention, increased impulsiveness, increased restlessness, and oftentimes overactivity. ADHD is a disability but does not have to be a disaster. Occurs before age 7. More in boys than girls. 3-5 out of 100 people. Behav is in excess of expected behav for child’s developmental level. Pervasive-- occurs in at least 2 settings. Symptoms have been there all of life. Symptoms may be due to anxiety if present only during specific times--ie math class, in school, when parents argue.Symptoms may be due to depression if they start after a stressful time-- ie divorce, birth, death, new house.85% of ADHD children who need psychostimulant drugs like ritalin for hyperactivity and/or distractibility will not need it by adolescence.15% need drugs throughout adolescence and into young adult life.30% of ADHD victims fail to respond to psychostimulant drugs.Cause-- involves multiple brain networks and chemical messengers (DA, NE, 5HT, GABA).Only 50% of referrals are actually diagnosed as ADHD. A complete medical and psychological evaluation is necessary because too many illnesses and reaction to drugs (like antihistamine, theophylline, steroids) give ADHD-like symptoms.
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- Spring '16
- Van Auken
- Psychology, Theory of cognitive development