TEXTBOX 7The 4Ws: mapping MHPSS activitiesThe IASC MHPSS Reference Group developed the 4Ws tool, to mapwho is where, when, doing what in the field of MHPSS activities. As listed in the guide, the tool can serve the following purposes:Providing a big picture of the size and nature of the MHPSS responseIdentifying gaps in the MHPSS response to enable coordinated actionEnabling referrals by making information available about who is where, when, doing whatInforming appeal processes (e.g. Consolidated Appeal Process)Improving transparency and legitimacy of MHPSS through structured documentationImproving possibilities for reviewing patterns of practice and for drawing lessons for future response.81In summary, the 4Ws mapping tool “enables actors to identify and respond to gaps in services and foster collaboration, coordination, referral and accountability.”82The 4Ws tool was developed after the IASC Guidelines, and has provided a means for co-ordination and communication as endorsed by the Guidelines, as well as a way of understanding the focus, scope and approach of MHPSS activities in a number of humanitarian settings. The “what” is divided into activities that are community-focused, such as safe spaces, strengthening family and community supports, and information dissemination, and person-focused, including individual counselling, psychological first aid, pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of mental disorders, and in-patient mental health care.4Ws mapping exercises have been conducted in Haiti,83Dadaab (Kenya), Nepal, Jordan,84and Libya.85Findings and impacts of the process have been varied. In Haiti, the information was used for advocacy and influenced broader humanitarian response. In Syria, a 2011 4Ws focused on MHPSS activities for Iraqi refugees showed geographic inequities in services.86Mapping in Libya showed that activities were disproportionately focused on specialised mental health services, and the process resulted in improved linkages between actors providing services in the field.
As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.
Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern
I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.
University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern
The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.
Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern
Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
Ask Expert Tutors
You can ask
You can ask
You can ask
(will expire )