Develops where members need each other due to greater

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 develops where members need each other due to greater  division of labor T ö nnies Gemeinschaft Rural life, small community with similar backgrounds and experiences Social interactions are intimate
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Commitment to larger social group Extensive personal interaction   little privacy Gesellschaft Ideal life characteristic of urban life People are strangers, self interest dominates Little consensus on values   social control = laws Social change is important Sociocultural evolution Human societies undergoing process of change Dominant pattern where the “interplay of continuity, innovation and selection” result in  long-term, societal trends Preindustrial Societies Hunter/gatherer society People simply rely on what’s available Relatively little inequality Kinship   source of authority and influence Social institution of family Horticultural society Greater emphasis on tools and objects Grow one’s own food   less nomadic Agrarian society Food production   increased because of technology
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TABLE 5-5, pg. 125 Industrial Societies Depends on mechanization for goods and services Industrial revolution More task specialization Family split to work (factories) Postindustrial and Postmodern Societies Postindustrial economic system primarily based on processing and controlling  information Services rather than goods Rise in interest groups Postmodern society preoccupied with consumer goods and media Technologically sophisticated RECAP Durkheim’s theories emphasized division of labor  T ö nnies’ theories emphasized self interest over wellbeing of the collective Both allow for the existence of different communities in the same society Labor Unions Groups of workers sharing the same skill of employer Membership declining because of: Changes in type of industry, manufacturing   postindustrial services
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More part-time jobs Legal system   makes organizing/bargaining difficult Globalization   jobs leacing the country tanked unions leverage Employer offenses Union rigidity and bureaucratization, slow to embrace women and minorities, too  concerned with electing leadership ----------------------------------------------------- MIDTERM REVIEW People Marx Class struggle, an inevitable result of capitalism, should cause an uprising of the  proletariat against the bourgeoisie Harriet M. Translated Marx’s work to be more understandable  Herbert Spencer Created the social evolution concept based on Darwin’s ideas. Comte demonstrated it. Weber Taught “verstehen” as method to understand people’s intellectual work Must learn other’s motives and meaning for their behavior if you want to understand it Dismissed concept of objectivity Durkheim and T ö nnies, see above
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Perspectives Structural functionalist
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