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culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing then treatment is to be done with microorganism-specific antibiotics (Huether & McCance, 2017). Most commonly, a 3 to 7 days course ofantibiotics may be prescribed for uncomplicated UTI and a 7 to 14 days of antibiotic therapy is required if the infection is relapsing (Huether & McCance, 2017).
Pyelonephritis, on the other hand, is diagnosed by a combination of tests - urine culture, urinalysis, and clinical signs and symptoms the patient is having (Huether & McCance, 2017). If the health care practitioner suspects a case of complicated pyelonephritis, the diagnosed is made with blood cultures and urinary tract imaging (Huether & McCance, 2017). Pyelonephritis may also be treated with the help of antibiotics. A course of 2 to 3 weeks of microorganism-specific antibiotic therapy is usually needed to treat this infection (Huether & McCance, 2017). Follow up urine cultures are also advised 1 to 4 weeks post treatment (Huether & McCance, 2017).ReferencesHuether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.Mayo Clinic, (2017). Urinary tract infections. Overview. Retrieved from -infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20353447Zaffanello, M., Malerba, G., Cataldi, L., Antoniazzi, F., Franchini, M., Monti, E., & Fanos, V. (2010). Genetic risk for recurrent urinary tract infections in humans: a systematic review. Journal Of Biomedicine & Biotechnology, 2010321082. doi:10.1155/2010/321082
Response # 1 Urinary Tract InfectionsGreat post. I really enjoyed reading your post and you have provided some great information. According to Huether & McCance (2017), a urinary tract infection (UTI) is an “inflammation of the urinary epithelium usually caused by bacteria from gut flora”. Lower UTI includes cystitis and upper UTI include pyelonephritis (Huether & McCance, 2017). I think elderly population takes the biggest hit from UTI’s. Almost every elderly patient I have seen diagnosed with UTI was confused in some way. According to Huether& McCance (2017), cystitis is more common in women because of the shorter urethra and the closeness of the urethra to the anus that increases the chances of bacterial contamination. Huether & McCance (2017), further explain that approximately fifty percent of women may suffer from lower UTI at some point of their life. What makes matters complicated is when women are pregnant as healthcare practitioners have to be more careful. A drug named nitrofurantoin is being used to treat pregnant women