Question 4 a the machines were more likely to give

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Question 4 a. The machines were more likely to give food and other necessities to Irish voters, and even aid them with jobs, but cash was much less common. They did not make direct cash for votes offer. b. Correct answer. In exchange for their votes, the machine politicians aided the struggling and downtrodden Irish newcomers with free coal to heat their homes, food, and help with the law. c. Machines did not pledge to fight anti-Irish bigotry per se, but they did so indirectly by helping them get jobs and providing other services. d. The Irish were actually very familiar with machine-style politics as it replicated systems they were used to in their homeland. e. Political machines were typically located in cities and did not help the Irish get land, although they did assist them with jobs. Question 5 a. Correct answer. German immigrants were actually slightly better off than their Irish counterparts and arrived with far more personal belongings. b. A measurable number of German immigrants were in fact political refugees, who were disappointed when their homeland’s democratic revolutions failed in 1848. They saw America as a chance to flee their autocratic rule of Germany for America’s democracy. c. Most Germans settled in the Middle West, notably Wisconsin, where they established farms. d. Having abandoned an autocratic homeland, Germans publicly embraced any cause pursuing freedom and democracy, which made them outspoken critics of slavery. e. While Irish immigrants were largely Roman Catholic, only a minority of Germans were. Question 6 a. Rising numbers of immigrants sparked nativist feelings, with many fearing (despite good economic times) that these new arrivals would drive wages down and take desirable jobs.
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Chapter 14 b. Correct answer. None of the nativist, anti-immigrant groups focused on fear of rising land prices. Their main concerns tended to be jobs, and even more so, the corrupting influence of Roman Catholicism. c. Anti-Catholicism in America dates back to colonial times, but as their numbers grew—especially with the arrival of new immigrants in the 1840s and 1850s—older Americans became concerned and sought to curb immigration. They even formed a political party, the Know Nothing Party, around the issue of restricting future immigration and deporting poor immigrants. d. Nativist groups did profess concern that these hordes of newcomers would rapidly outnumber native-born Americans e. Those who agitated to curb immigration did fear that foreign newcomers would outnumber, and ultimately, outvote native-born Americans in ways that would lead to sweeping (and for them, undesirable) social changes. Question 7 a. Prior to industrialization, Americans lacked the ability to produce goods as fast or as inexpensively as Britain.
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  • Fall '12
  • Ms.Kim
  • AP US History, Correct Answer, Immigration to the United States

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