ISS_225_Lec_12_Crime__Violence__and_Powe

2 attacking the demand strategies may include 1

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2. Attacking the demand Strategies may include: 1) Education, just say no campaigns, DARE, etc. 2) Rehabilitate the addict by assigning him to a rehab center rather than a prison. Reports indicate that the failure rate of such programs is over 90 percent. 3) Maintain the addict on a heroine substitute (methadone). This has achieved some success in removing addicts from the drug subculture, but methadone is addictive itself and does not duplicate the euphoric highs of other drugs. 4) Government dispenses drugs to confirmed addicts. Used to some extent in Great Britain where it has reduced the number of addicts. The goal is to remove the economic incentive of smuggling drugs and creating new addicts. It rejects the long odds of reforming existing addicts in order to reduce the creation of new addicts. Problems: medical supervision, limited dosage enough, moral objections of government dispensing drugs? 5) Decriminalization and/or legalization of drugs is a popular alternative among some. Some states are considering the limited legalization of marijuana. Major objections remain on moral grounds and potential medical costs to society. C. Gun Control The proliferation of firearms in the United States far exceeds that in any other civilized nation. The following sites present some of the best data and information on the issue of gun control (take some time to browse through these sites): http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp http://www.guncite.com/ http://www.bradycampaign.org/ http://www.speakout.com/activism/guncontrol/ The most important piece of legislation on gun control is the Brady Bill, which mandates background checks for prospective purchasers of handguns to determine if they are part of a high-risk group. In 1998 the five-day waiting period expired and was replaced with a $250 billion system of instant background checks. The Brady Bill did not include Gun Show sales and flea markets (can buy cheap guns without a background check). 8
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ISS 225 Crime The Crime Bill of 1994 banned the domestic manufacture and sale of many types of semi-automatic assault weapons and limits the size of ammunition clips. This ban expired in 2004 and Congress refused to extend it. The Supreme Court has expanded the definition of the Second Amendment stating that government does not have the right to ban the ownership of handguns. In 2008 the Court overturned the District of Columbia’s ban on residents owning handguns ( District of Columbia v, Heller). In 2010 the Court ruled similarly in a case involving a Chicago law ( McDonald v. Chicago ). See http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2010/06/28/US- Supreme-Court-Chicagos-gun-ban-struck-down/UPI-18071277761369/ . For an easy look at some of the pros and cons of gun control see: http://www.howtodothings.com/sports-recreation/understand-the-pros-and-cons-of-gun- control http://www.herald-dispatch.com/news/specialreports/x1875259098/Pros-vs-Cons-The- gun-control-debate http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=33 D. Corrections and Imprisonment
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