stamping out un-American activities in Germany; Clevinger and the chaplain are found guilty of being suspected, and so on. Yossarian's experience with Catch-22 and the soldier who saw everything twice have demonstrated to him that normative seeing has also been eliminated. Living in a world in which whatever those in power say is true must be accepted as fact, man no longer trusts his own sense perceptions. Worse, he no longer heeds them if he accepts without question the internalized, isolated logic of the system. Doc Daneeka's strange 70 Yossarian can successfully harass those he outranks, remaining vulnerable not only to the deliberate machinations of those who outrank him, but to the accidental disasters precipitated by his own deceptions. 71 So when the psychiatrist orders Yossarian home to the United States, the orders come to A. Fortiori. It is a form of futile illusion, not unlike Dunbar's attempts to make the time go longer by engaging in boring activities because he knows his life is actually very short. W
9 He is kicked out of the officers' club for mingling with the men he had been ordered to mingle with; he is submitted to a kangaroo court inquisition, accused of stealing the tomato given him by Colonel Cathcart. And after his encounter with the mad Captain Flume in the woods, the chaplain is no longer certain about the very nature of reality. "So many monstrous events were occurring that he was no longer positive which events were monstrous and which were really taking place" (p. 274). When he sees Yossarian naked in a tree at Snowden's funeral he is unable to trust his senses at all: 73 Every retreat to comfort is but evasive action that casts him into greater horror and confusion. He pulls his plane out of the Bologna mission only to find himself among the mushrooms of death; or he flees to Rome and the arms of the voluptuous Luciana only to discover, beneath the chemise she refuses to take off, an "invisible scar"?the result of an American bombing raid. Yossarian Thus the reverential attention of the nurses, who devotedly dust the cast and polish the metal pipes through which the same fluid is poured and re-poured, is revealed as devotion to the absence of spirit, and aptly symbolizes the hospital's attitude toward the living patients. As Nurse Cramer tells Yossarian, his " 'leg belongs to the U. S. government. It's no different than a gear or a bedpan' " (pp. 286 87). But for disclosing that no human being is inside the cast Dunbar is "disappeared" by the authorities, his cry of shock and outrage as ineffectual as Yossarian's form of protest against the death of Snowden. To put it another way, Snowden's death does not really occur until the moment when Yossarian recognizes its meaning. Before 77 world in which order, truth, and humanity have been ruthlessly abolished, in which the word has become the thing itself.