Genres associated with Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven, such as the string quartet, violin sonata, and piano trio, were treated seriously.Composers increasingly aspired to match the individuality of Beethoven's middle and late quartets..SchubertSchubert composed several string quartets for home performance in his youth.The Trout Quintet (1819) is for piano, violin, viola, cello, and bass.The work has five movements.The fourth movement presents variations on his song Die Forelle (The Trout).Schubert's most important chamber music is dramatic concert pieces.String Quartet in A Minor (1824)String Quartet in D Minor (Death and the Maiden, 1824)String Quartet in G Major (1826)String Quintet in C Major (1828)String Quintet in C Major (1828)This work is often considered to be his chamber music masterwork.It is written for a string quartet with an additional cello.All five instruments are treated equally, and they are grouped in ever-changing ways.The second theme of the first movement appears in a variety of instrumental combinations (see HWM Example 26.6).There are strong contrasts of mood and style between the movements.String Quintet, first movement (NAWM 133)Sonata formThe opening theme contrasts C major and minor.The three main key areas of the exposition are C, E-flat, and G.The second theme moves between E-flat, G, and B, whose tonics divide the octave into equal major thirds..MendelssohnHis numerous youthful works are modeled after Haydn, Mozart, and Bach.His first recognized masterpiece was the String Octet, Op. 20 (1825).String Quartets in A Minor, Op. 13 (1827), and E-flat Major, Op. 12 (1829)These works show the influence of Beethoven's late string quartets.
The movements are integrated through thematic connections, while each maintains a distinctive character.Piano Trios in D Minor, Op. 29, and C Minor, Op. 66His most characteristic works, these trios are tuneful and feature idiomatic writing.Both have a slow movement in the manner of his Song without Words and scherzos in pixyish style.In such works, the Classic genre and forms serve as vessels for the Romantic material..SchumannSchumann enjoyed a "chamber music year" in 1842-43.He published three quartets as Op. 41.These were followed by a piano quintet and a piano quartet.Schumann felt that a string quartet should resemble a four-way conversation.He also believed that quartet composers should build on the tradition of the Classic masters rather than simply imitate them.His chamber works reveal a strong influence of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.Piano Trios No. 1 in D Minor, Op. 63, and No. 2 in F Major, Op. 80Schumann incorporated more polyphony in these works due to the influence of Bach.Although the two works differ in mood, they both balance intellectual rigor with expressivity.This balance made these his most influential chamber works..Fanny Mendelssohn HenselWomen composers wrote relatively little chamber music.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 12 pages?