For many Americans, the 1920s were alarming. Urbanization and the shift away from traditional
values worried them. They began focusing heavily on religion to provide stability in their everyday lives.
Many of those who were most uncomfortable with the Jazz Age were rural, white Americans who held
fundamentalist beliefs. Fundamentalism is a religious viewpoint based on the belief that biblical events
happened exactly as described.
Passage of the Eighteenth Amendment (1919)
amendment to the U.S Constitution ratified in 1919 that made it illegal to make, sell or transport
alcoholic beverages in the United States.
Scopes “Monkey” Trial
The conflict between those with modern ideas and fundamentalist beliefs came to a head in 1925 with
what became known as the Scopes Trial. Fundamentalists believe that God created the living world in