Article Critique.docx

Development disorders dementia alcohol and substance

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development disorders, dementia, alcohol and substance abuse-related conditions without a comorbid psychiatric diagnosis. The paper includes a relatively large number of participants. The authors employ non- probability sampling where they base on a specific group of patients, those with mental illness. This method aims at achieving accuracy in the selected field of study. The subjects were chosen non-randomly, as they were all victims of the same circumstance. 47, 353 patients were part of the study, as they were seen in the ED in 2009. They all made 66,379 visits to the emergency department. Results produced by such huge numbers are consistent as they represent majority of the population. Sampling in this manner is important as the goal of selecting a specific group represents the general population almost accurately [Lat07]. The final sample results have relatively fewer participants, which probably is aimed at producing very accurate results. For instance, the authors could easily keep track of the frequency for visits in the last sample of people, hence producing accurate figures of the study. The study setting was in an emergency department based in the District of Columbia. The emergency department selected was one with frequent visits and a history that could provide relevant information. Evidenced from the article, the emergency department had 47,353 individuals in 2009. This number already provides a basis for the study. The number of frequent visits makes things better as it stood at 66, 379 in the same year. With this figures, the authors are able to document their findings accurately, even with a section of the figures. The article does not touch on any ethical considerations during the research, as data obtained is second hand. The
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ARTICLE CRITIQUE 4 retrospective nature of the study does not give room for acquiring the participant’s consent. Data was based on initially collected data of the emergency department. The authors of the article carried out the research to examine the characteristics of frequent users of the emergency department with psychiatric conditions. Quantification of data collected from the identified emergency department helps identify the hypothesis of the research. The authors have proved that “mental illness is highly associated with increased use of ED” (P.
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  • Summer '16
  • tom mboya
  • Psychiatry, Emergency Department

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