Does not have a single founder a specific theological

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Does not have a single founder, a specific theological system, a single system of morality, or acentralized bureaucratic structureDoes not proselytizeProselytize:oTo attempt to convert members of other belief systems to your ownHas no one sacred textDharma:oThe moral responsibilities and guidelines that define an entire way of lifeCannot be separated from the caste system in which it originatedIn each incarnation, the soul continues its journey toward nirvanaNirvana:oThe state of spiritual perfectionBuddhismGrew out of HinduismFounded by Siddhartha Gautama, a wealthy upper-caste Hindu whose father, Suddhodana,ruled over a district near the Himalayas that is today located in NepalGautama left the palace for a day and on his trip he saw:oAn old manoA sick manoA dead manoA beggarHe then went on a quest to discover how to stop human suffering and painIn deep meditation, Gautama experienced nirvana, and from then on, he became known asBuddhaBelieve in reincarnationKarma:oThe belief in cause and effect in a person’s life; you reap what you sowConfucianismMore than 6 million followersOriginated in writings of the Chinese philosopher ConfuciusBased on a code of self-discipline and meditation designed to maintain proper relationships thatenhance loyalty, respect, and moralityImportant virtues:oJen: Confucian virtue of possessing a benevolent and humanitarian attitudeoLi: Confucian desire to maintain proper relationships and rituals that enhance the life ofthe individual, the family, and the stateInsisted in following the 4 virtues:oSincerityCardinal virtueBe truthful and straightforwardoBenevolenceTo be kind to others and help those in needoFilial pietyOneshould respect and admire one’s parents and bring happiness and honourto their nameoPropriety
Embraces the entire spectrum of human behaviour and directs a person toalways do the right thing according to the rules of moral conductJehovah’s WitnessesAdhere to restorationist beliefRestorationist belief systems:oAssert that contemporary Christianity no longer reflects its foundational ideasChristianity has moved so far away from the original Christian principles that it no longer reflectsits foundational ideas; Jehovah’s Witnesses view themselves as the restoration of trueChristianityStress clean and moral living, the equality of all races, and adherence to the teachings of theBibleSikhismFounded by Guru Nanak DevSingle, all-powerful God who has no gender or defined physical form5 symbolic articles to demonstrate and confirm their faith:oKeshasuncut hairoKanghaa comboKaraa steel braceletoKacharhraa pair of shortsoKirpana ceremonial swordDo not believe that they should impose their beliefs on others or entice members of otherreligions to convertRequired to defend the freedom to worship other religions just as they would their ownBelieve that when you die, you are absorbed into the universal nature from which they cameFundamentalism

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Term
Fall
Professor
BarryM
Tags
Sociology, researcher, Social Relations

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