2.What is shaping? How is shaping used to train complex behaviors? 3.How has operant conditioning been used to overcome procrastination? 4.How does operant conditioning explain how we acquire superstitions? 1.What is a token economy? How might a point system be used as a token economy?
2.What is a primary reinforcer? 3.What is a secondary reinforcer? How can something become a secondary reinforcer? 4.What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)? 5.How do classical and operant conditioning interact? 6.What is the two-process theory in conditioning? How might two-process theory apply to a phobia? 1.How do expectations of the consequences of our actions affect learning? 2.What does the “O” in S-O-R theory stand for? 3.What is latent learning? How did the original research with rats show latent learning? 4.What is mentally represented in a cognitive map? 5.How does the research on latent learning and cognitive maps support the idea that some learning takes place without reinforcement? 1.What is observational learning? What is a “model” in observational learning? 2.What role can observational learning play in learning aggression? 3.What did Bandura’s “Bobo doll” study demonstrate? 4.Why is the relationship between media violence and aggression complex? 5.What do we need to consider when interpreting the evidence regarding the impact of media violence? 6.What overall conclusion can we draw about the relationship between media violence and aggression? 7.What role do mirror neurons play in observational learning? 8.What is insight? What cognitive experience is shown by an “aha” reaction? 1.What is a conditioned taste aversion? 2.How do taste aversions compare to other classically conditioned responses? 3.What is preparedness? How does preparedness fit with evolutionary theory? 4.How does conditioned taste aversion demonstrate preparedness? 5.What is the relationship between preparedness and phobias? 6.What is instinctive drift? How does it interfere with learning?