E Truman and MacArthur General MacArthur demanded victory he wanted to bomb

E truman and macarthur general macarthur demanded

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E.Truman and MacArthur General MacArthur demanded victory – he wanted to bomb China. Truman refused – fearful of World War III – cost in lives and money deemed not worthwhile. Truman opted for “limited war.”MacArthur continued to criticize Truman in public after being told to remain silent. MacArthur is dismissed in April 1951 – greeted as a hero by the public and Congress.6.Election of 1952Foreign Policy is the Dominant issueMcCarthy continued his attack 0 blamed Truman and the Democrats for “twenty years of Treason”A.Republican – nominated General Eisenhower – backed by Eastern LiberalsB.Democrats – nominated Adlai Stevenson – Governor of Illinois 0- used his campaign C.Campaign – Democrats are forced on the defensive – the Republicans attacked Korea,D. Results:speeches to educate the people on the issues. Communism, and corruption. McCarthy played a large role. Nixon’s attacks were successful – referred to Stevensonas “Adlai the appeaser.” Called the State Department – “Dean Acheson’s College of Cowardly Communist Containment.” Called the State Department – “Dean Acheson’sCollege of Cowardly Communist Containment.”Eisenhower pledged to go to Korea if elected. Master political move late in the campaign.Eisenhower won
The Eisenhower year1.The Republicans Return to PowerA.Eisenhower’s Approach to the Presidency – relied on command structure from his army experience. President set the broad policy and relied on subordinates to carry it out. Sherman Adams served as appointments secretary and key personal adviser. Guarded access to Eisenhower. Later implicated in a scandal. Appointed Cabinet dominated by powerful figures from business and finance. Natural pro-business stance.B.Domestic ProgramActually, made no attempt to “repeal” the New Deal.Extended Social Security benefits.Established the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) Increased public financing of education and highway construction. C.Civil rights WatershedLimited progress under Truman. Armed forces desegregated. Southern Democrats held key positions throughout Congress. Balked at even the most elementary reforms.Brown v. board of Education of Topeka (1954) – unanimous decision of Supreme Court ruled that “separate school facilities based on race were inherently unequal”. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) principle of “separate but equal” Earl Warren – activist Chief Justice. Eisenhower’ Reaction – failed to take vigorous steps in face of massive,violent Southern reaction. Civil Rights Bill of 1957 – marked beginning of such legislation. Civil Rights Commission established. Supported by Eisenhower Administration. D.Demise of Senator McCarthy.
His attacks grew wilder after 1952. He attacked the State Department, the “Voice of America, United States Information Agency, and the U.S. Army”. Wide-ranging damage already done. About 7,000 “security risks” had been fired by the government.

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