The Eisenhower year1.The Republicans Return to PowerA.Eisenhower’s Approach to the Presidency – relied on command structure from his army experience. President set the broad policy and relied on subordinates to carry it out. Sherman Adams served as appointments secretary and key personal adviser. Guarded access to Eisenhower. Later implicated in a scandal. Appointed Cabinet dominated by powerful figures from business and finance. Natural pro-business stance.B.Domestic ProgramActually, made no attempt to “repeal” the New Deal.Extended Social Security benefits.Established the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) Increased public financing of education and highway construction. C.Civil rights WatershedLimited progress under Truman. Armed forces desegregated. Southern Democrats held key positions throughout Congress. Balked at even the most elementary reforms.Brown v. board of Education of Topeka (1954) – unanimous decision of Supreme Court ruled that “separate school facilities based on race were inherently unequal”. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) principle of “separate but equal” Earl Warren – activist Chief Justice. Eisenhower’ Reaction – failed to take vigorous steps in face of massive,violent Southern reaction. Civil Rights Bill of 1957 – marked beginning of such legislation. Civil Rights Commission established. Supported by Eisenhower Administration. D.Demise of Senator McCarthy.