224 see president barack obama supra note 1 arguing

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224. See President Barack Obama, supra note 1 (arguing that a mother "deserves to have a baby without sacrificing her job" and "deserves a day off to care for a sick child or sick parent without running into hardship"). 225. See Kathi N. Miner, Amanda D. Pesonen, Amber L. Smittick, Michael L. Seigel & Emily K. Clark, Does Being a Mom Help or Hurt? Workplace Incivility as a Function of Motherhood Status, 19 J. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PSYCHOL. 60, 70-71 (2014) (arguing that having multiple roles, e.g., as worker and a mother, may help buffer the negative effects of women's negative interpersonal experiences at work). 226. Id. at 68. 227. See id. at 62 (according to theories of multiple role involvement, "having multiple roles [is] associated with lower rates of depression among women" as well as "increased career satisfaction and job performance" and claiming that women with fewer children have "more negative reactions to incivility than women with more children"). 228. Id. at 68; see also HARA & HEGEWISCH, supra note 4, at 11-12 (summarizing research related to positive outcomes associated with providing paid family leave, including perhaps less obvious effects such as increased child vaccination rates, lower 20151
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HOUSTON JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW As a result of the importance of promoting work-life balance, and the mounting evidence that FMLA is doing a poor job of fulfilling this goal, 229 U.S. lawmakers need to continue seeking a solution for FMLA reform. The Iceland Act is merely one example of a law that has great potential to succeed where FMLA fails. 230 The broad applicability of the Iceland Act, its recognition of differing needs of mothers and fathers in its design, as well as the fact that it provides for ample paid family leave are all features that could remedy some of the problems associated with FMLA. 231 Beyond Iceland, a number of other industrialized nations have engineered innovative ways to resolve work-life strain among their employees. 232 Continued examination of other nations' laws that are successfully achieving this goal is warranted until the United States discovers a solution that is workable for American employees and businesses alike. 2 33 rates of postpartum depression, increased duration of breastfeeding, lower divorce rates among parents, and better educational performance by children). 229. See Bhushan, supra note 2, at 687-89 (describing many of the pervasive deficiencies of FMLA). 230. See, e.g., Iceland Act, supra note 95, § IV, arts. 13, 18, 19 (detailing Icelandic maternity/paternity leave rights for parents); see also discussion infra Part VI (discussing the recommended changes to the FMLA based on the Iceland Act); Hearing on S. 110-851, supra note 24, at 61 (statement of Sen. Hillary Clinton) ("We should be strengthening the FMLA to cover more working families and provide paid sick leave, as well as enact other measures to give employees the flexibility they need to care for themselves, their children, and their loved ones.").
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  • Fall '17
  • David Capco
  • Biology, FMLA, ........., Leave, parental leave

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