Composition professor at Yale University Insurance agent by day, composer by night - Knew that in order to support his family while wanting to compose the music he wanted to compose so he got a day “Stream of consciousness” music - Music is supposed to represent all these idea pouring out at once, or one after the other Fragments of popular American tunes appear throughout his compositions First composer to use polytonality and polyrhythms - Polytonality: more than one key at once - Polyrhythms: different rhythms and meters at once, one instrument in duple meter with a certain rhythm and another instruments in triple with its own rhythm From Three Places in New England - “The Housatonic at Stockbridge” - Program music - Listening: o Just able to identify the piece in general and know things about it such as the 2 layers - Layers of two keys at once o The church hymn: the congregation singing across the river o Nature going on o Sometimes he’s focusing on hymn, and other times nature • John Cage (1912-1992) Early interest in percussion instruments – the ‘prepared piano’ Futurism Challenged distinction between noise and music - “Andy Warhol of music” - Can everyday sounds be music Chance music – musical events come in unpredictable sequence as the result of traditionally unmusical activities Piece – 4’33” - Musicians sit there for 4’33” and the “music” is the extraneous sounds made in the hall o American Musical Theater • Musical Theater Also referred to as ‘Broadway’ Spoken dialogue interspersed with sung and danced musical numbers in popular musical styles Origins in Singspiel and vaudeville - Vaudeville: variety show, late night sketch comedy (SNL, Mad TV), • Musical Comedy (1890s) Superficial plot (boy meets girl)
- Plot is always written after the songs Numerous song-and-dance numbers
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- Spring '08
- Music, Musical theatre, art music, American musical theater, music Chance music