ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Power is the ability to get someone to do something

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Power is the ability to get someone to do something you want done or to make things happen in the way you want them to happen. Many people in our society are very uncomfortable with the concept of power. Some are even offended by it. This is because the essence of power is control over others. Managers derive power from both organizational and individual sources. Some managers may have power because of the job title, but they can also have power because employees admire the abilities and qualities that he or she may have. Leaders, which may be found in formal and informal groups, exist in all organizations . Leaders may be managers or nonmanagers. The importance of effective leadership for obtaining individual, group, and organizational performance is so critical that it has stimulated a great deal of effort to determine the causes of such leadership. Some people believe that effective leadership depends on traits and certain behaviors; other people believe that that one leadership style is effective in all situations; still others believe that each situation requires a specific leadership style. Certain behavioral processes give life to an organizational structure. When these processes do not function well, unfortunate problems can arise. The communication process links the organization to its environment as well as to its parts. Organizational survival is related to the ability of management to receive, transmit, and act on information. Information flows to and from the organization and within the organization. Information integrates the activities within the organization.
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The quality of decision -making within an organization depends on selecting proper goals and identifying means for achieving them. With good integration of behavioral and structural factors, management can increase the probability that high-quality decisions are made. Organizations rely on individual decisions as well as group decisions, and effective management requires knowledge about both types of decisions. Socialization refers to the process by which members learn the cultural values, norms, beliefs, and required behavior that permit them to be effective contributors to the organization. Socialization may be formal, as when orientation programs are established for new employees, or informal, as when the manager or co-workers tell the new employee relevant details about the organization’s expectations. All managers will, to some degree, receive and collect information from organizations and institutions outside their own. Typically this is done through reading magazines and talking with others to learn of changes in the public’s tastes, what competitors may be planning, and the like. This is called the monitor role. Managers also act as a conduit to transmit information to organizational members.
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