5 why make room for an argument contd we argue about

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5 Why Make Room for an Argument? (cont’d) ! We argue about many things: ! metaphysical questions; ! moral issues; ! political issues; ! social issues; ! economical issues; ! personal issues; ! professional issues; ! etc. ! Make a short list of specific issues for argument. 6
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Why Make Room for an Argument? (cont’d) ! Bias can interfere with arguments. ! Overconfidence effect ! When we think too highly of our understanding of a situation ! Confirmation bias ! When we favour arguments that uphold our beliefs ! Halo effect ! When we assume that someone with positive attribute(s) is intelligent, pleasant, moral, etc. 7 Defining Argument ! An argument is defined as, “a set of reasons offered in support of a claim.” ! The reasons can be oral, written, visual, etc. ! The claim is an argument’s conclusion . ! The reasons are also know as an argument’s premises . 8 Argument: What is the Conclusion? The Premise? ! Don’t cheat on your essay; it’s unfair to all the other students ! Conclusion: ! Premise: 9
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Defining Argument (cont’d) ! Assessing Real Life Examples ! Step 1 – Identify the components of an argument. ! These include the argument’s conclusion and premise(s).
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