Saturday attempted escape by black prisoner activist George Jackson at San

Saturday attempted escape by black prisoner activist

This preview shows page 2 - 5 out of 6 pages.

Saturday attempted escape by black prisoner activist George Jackson at San Quentin 30 mins from Stanford university ended with prison guards shot & killed Jackson - Zimbardo participated in televised debate with San Quentin associated warden - In early sept famous attica prison revolt in NY (prisoner’s demands for better living conditions & political rights 1281 prisoners took control of prison & took 42 staff as hostage) led to 43 deaths - Zimbardio did 1971 television documentary: “prisoner 819 did a bad thing” o Testified at congressional hearings on prison violence o Published 1973 essay about SPE in New York Times These contexts inspired & drew public attention to Stanford prison experiment: - Aug 14-20 1971 at Stanford university - Goals: o Study effects of imprisonment on normal subjects o To examine social psychological processes involved when people conform to assigned roles, guards & prisoners o To understand consequences of conformity at individual & social levels - Set up: o All male college students from US & Canada living near stanford o 75 volunteered for 2 week prison stimulation o Screened volunteers with interviews & personality tests
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o 21 students selected o Qualities selected for: Psychologically stable Physically healthy Decent people Mature Law abiding citizens Normal average o Mock prison in Stanford’s Jordan Hall o Zimbardo prison superintendent during experiment o Students randomly assigned roles: 9 guards 9 prisoners 3 substitutes - Realism steps taken to make prison experience realistic: o Actual local cops handcuffed students, charged them with felony & drove them in police cars to police station for booking o Later recruits blindfolded & taken to mock prison o Guards received weapons (wooden batons), mirrored sunglasses & guard uniforms o Prisoners were: Ordered to strip naked Cleaned Dressed in poorly fitting prison smocks Given ankle chains to wear Referred to by prisoner numbers not names - Promoted psychological experiences associated with prison life: o Guards: power, authority, control, dominance, de-individuation (all dressed alike) o Prisoners: anonymity, humiliation, lack of control, dependency, deindividuation - Results: o Relations between guard & prisoners deteriorated quickly o Guards became aggressive, prisoners passive o Guards asserted authority, prisoners accepted helplessness o Guards conveyed mastery & control, prisoners depression & hopeless o Over time guards became more abusive, prisoners more desperate - Zimbardo aborted experiment after 6 days Christina Maslach his girlfriend told him that his experiment is unethical & he had to stop - Analysis of SPE: o Process of deindividuation construction of closed world & specific reality institutionalized sanctioned use of power etc Led to transformation of characters of students o Demonstration of how good people can do bad things o Had important scientific & social value because results can be generalized o Led to Zimbardo’s book “the lucifer effect 2007” understanding how good people can turn evil
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o Zimbardo concluded that people quickly conform to social roles, even when the role goes against their moral principles. Furthermore, he concluded that
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  • Winter '15
  • Vicedo
  • Stanford prison experiment, Philip Zimbardo, Milgram experiment

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