Unit 2_ Final Part 1_ Eric Ortiz.docx

Tex01 the owner of the lucky horseshoe inn is

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impeach any person’s honesty, integrity, virtue, or reputation.” [Tex01] The owner of the Lucky Horseshoe Inn is protected by this article. By continually harassing the patrons and employees of the Lucky Horseshoe Inn, Ms. Reid has possibly damaged the reputation of the establishment to the point that a financial injury has occurred. While the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code protects citizens against defamatory statements, harassment is covered by the Texas Penal Code. Under this particular code, a person is prohibited from initiating contact which threatens bodily harm to another party [Tex07]. In this case, the bartender is protected by both of these articles in their respective Codes. The bartender has a constitutional right to not be spoken of in a defamatory manner and the right to live without fear of bodily harm. In making statements that are slanderous such as calling the bartender “Satan,” Ms. Reid may be attempting to expose the bartender to public hatred, contempt, ridicule, or financial injury. By attempting to pick fights with the bartender, Ms. Reid is threatening bodily harm to the bartender which is a violation of constitutional rights under the Texas Constitution. The customers of the Lucky Horseshoe Inn also have protected constitutional rights. Under the Texas Penal Code, every citizen has the right to public order and decency. When Ms. Reid picked a fight with the bartender, she was threatening “a person in a public place in an obviously offensive manner.” [Tex011] This action violated every customer’s right to an orderly public. While Ms. Reid has a constitutional right to free speech, she behaved unethically in this particular case. She violated the rights of the Lucky Horseshoe Inn’s ownership, employees, and customers in a way that violates their constitutional rights. The main idea behind laws and the sources of those laws is to maintain an orderly populace and public so that people may conduct their lives in the manner that they choose to do so. It’s what the founding fathers spoke of whenever they cited life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as being one of the fundamental reasons for declaring independence from Great Britain. Consider, hypothetically, that the ownership of the Lucky Horseshoe Inn decided to retaliate with Ms. Field in a similar manner. This would probably lead to one of Ms. Field’s neighbors or coworkers becoming offended, and retaliating as well. If everybody were given the right to act this way, the United States of America would become chaotic and riotous, and this is one of the main things that US laws attempt to alleviate while preserving the expression rights of the citizen. Understanding the sources of law and why they are used and referred to is important to understanding your rights as a citizen of this country. The United States constitution serves as an outline of our inalienable rights as US citizens. The other 3
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sources of law serve as an expansion and interpretation of those rights. Knowing when, how, and why these sources are used helps us to understand the rationale behind the decisions of the higher courts in America, which has become one of the most talked about aspects of modern politics. Law and order must be preserved in order to preserve our freedoms. As Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi said, “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.” References Anderlini, L., & Felli, L. (2008). Statute Law or Case Law? London: London School of Economics.
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