18. When reviewing the concepts of health, the nurse recalls that the components of holistic health include which of these? a.Disease originates from the external environment.b.The individual human is a closed system.c.Nurses are responsible for a patient’s health state.d.Holistic health views the mind, body, and spirit as interdependent.ANS: DConsideration of the whole person is the essence of holistic health, which views the mind, body, and spirit as
interdependent. The basis of disease originates from boththe external environment and from within the person. Both the individual human and the external environment are open systems, continually changing and adapting, and each person is responsible for his or her own personal health state.DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding (Comprehension) REF: p. 7MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care 19. The nurse recognizes that the concept of prevention indescribing health is essential because: preventable.behavior.care practitioners.A natural progression to prevention rounds out the present concept of health. Guidelines to prevention place the emphasis on the link between health and personal behavior.DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding (Comprehension) REF: p. 7MSC: Client Needs: General20. The nurse is performing a physical assessment on a newly admitted patient. An example of objective information obtained during the physical assessment includes the:
Objective data are the patient’s record, laboratory studies, and condition that the health professional observes by inspecting, percussing, palpating, and auscultating during the physical examination. The other responses reflect subjective data.DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying (Application) REF: p. 2MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care 21. A visiting nurse is making an initial home visit for a patient who has many chronic medical problems. Which type of data base is most appropriate to collect in this setting? problems of this patientfor monitoring the patient’s healthmake accurate diagnoses rapidlyThe complete data base is collected in a primary care setting, such as a pediatric or family practice clinic, independent or group private practice, college health service, women’s health care agency, visiting nurse agency, or community health agency. In these settings, the nurse is the first health professional to see the patient
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