The methods used in both events have one thing in common, the use of bombs. The Oklahoma City attack used fertilizer and nitro methane packed in 55-gallon drums to create a homemade explosive. The explosives were then placed inside of a moving truck and denoted on the side of the road by a timed fuse. This is where the attacks differed in methods. ISIS is known for its use of bombs, especially suicide bombs. In Paris attacks the attackers used multiple guns and acted in sets as well as lone wolves. When one assailant could not get access to a stadium he detonated his suicide vest outside trying to kill as many as possible. When the attackers went on 6
RESEARCH PAPER their mass shootings they just opened up and began killing. Both of these attacks struck fear into the society around them, which a definition and goal of the word terrorism. When the bomb went off in Oklahoma is struck fear into everyone because not only was this the act of a terrorist, but the act was committed by a decorated war vet from the United States. A mental study was conducted 6 months following the attack on 182 directly exposed adults. The test wanted to see any psychiatric disorders, injures or anything that can relate to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The research group conducted a follow-up study a year later. Despite their high level of exposure to this disaster, the majority of the bombing survivors did not develop a psychiatric disorder afterward. Nearly all (96%), however, had one or more symptoms of PTSD. PTSD related to the bombing was the most prevalent post disaster diagnosis, identified in 34%, being approximately twice as common among women (45%) as men (23%). (North, 2010, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 242) Much of Europe is very concerned about the flooding of Syrian refugees coming across the boarders into Europe. Especially after the attacks during the cleaning a Syrian passport was found on one of the attackers. A study conducted by an Arab Opinion Index team of the Doha- based Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies resulted in a “disturbing subset of 13% of Syrian refugees say their view of ISIS is “positive” or “positive to some extent.” (Thiessen M. Par. 2) “Yet it is a stark reality that the refugee crisis is now being framed not only as a social and economic challenge for Europe as a continent, but also as a security threat to European cities.” (Hoelscher, K. Par. 8) 7
RESEARCH PAPER Due to the attack many citizens in Paris/France/ and Europe fear countries will be using more military force through out the cities to help with security. Much of Europe has open boarders, which countries will try to tighten up on. Hoelscher discusses that a fear is that European countries may result in U.S like militarization; often cops carry weapons on them in the U.S. Some countries in Europe cops do not carry any weapon, and this is something that the citizens do not want to see happen.
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- Fall '18
- Federal Bureau of Investigation, Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh