Cause upper class women were restricted to their

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cause upper class women were restricted to their household duties Divorce: A man could get a divorce in the case of adultery on the wife’s part, and were allowed many wives however, the women was not allowed to ask for a divorce Parents permission Women were not supposed to remarry The Roles of Women: ideal of the faithful wife Men: ideal household leader and faithful servant of the king Did not strictly follow father to son inheritance laws In later Koryo, they discouraged marriage between upper and lower-class people and marriage within a family Because of Confucianism being able to trace your bloodline through your father, it becomes harder to trace your lines if you have cousins getting in the way Mongol Invasions: Ogedei Khan leader of the Mongols who ordered the invasion of Korea - Invaded Koryo in 1231, because they wanted to get to Japan Koryo reached peace with the yuan dynasty - There were many marriages to secure this relationship Mongols had a great deal of influence on the Koryo society The king of Koryo did not have the power to deny the yuan dynasty Many aristocrats from Yuan felt they needed a wife from Koryo as a status symbols Koryo began “marrying” women at a very young age to protect them from being married off or sent away Summary: In Koryo matriarchal practices continue, ex. young couples may live with the wife’s parents for a while Widows could remarry Things were reasonable for women Koryo
Koryo Literature Thesis: Koryo produced a rich literature in Chinese, which was well preserved, and many popular songs some of which have been lost. Literature in Chinese: The 4 th king of Koryo, Kwagjong, put the Kwago system into practice in 958 - Depending on how well you did on the exam, you could get a good job - Little boys of upper-class households would begin studying very young - Complicated system with many different exams corresponding to different levels of jobs - People had to know their classics very well This civil service examination which determined who would get govern- ment positions Writing Hansi, or poems in Chinese, was required of all government offi- cials and upper-class people - Occasionally would gather and present their poems to the king Women were denied education in Chinese; however, they may be edu- cated in their homes, but not allowed to participate in outside life Prose was also important as well as collections of stories which were popu- lar Songs & Poems: Songs: Sokyo are popular Koryo songs significant to the development of Korean lit- erature - Gave us an idea as to the lives of everyday people Generally, we do not know the authors or dates of compositions of the Ko- ryo popular songs - It was not written down because there was a belief that the Mongols had corrupted Koryo and were in a sense censoring them - Songs also became sexually explicit near the end of Koryo, which also led to cen- soring There is evidence that certain Koryo songs were composed by bands of wandering female minstrels - Employed by the king and entertained at court parties - Might change some lyrics to “butter up” the king As soon as hangul was invented, people began to record their songs

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