Which one of the following is the most adequate evaluation of the logical force of the critics’ response? (A) Success and failure in farming are rarely due only to luck, because farming is the management of chance occurrences. (B) The critics show that the result of the study would have been different if twice as many farms had been studied. (C) The critics assume without justification that the failures were not due to soil quality. (D) The critics demonstrate that natural methods are not suitable for the majority of framers. (E) The issue is only to show that something is possible, so it is not relevant whether the instances studied were representative. SECTION IV Time 35 minutes 24 Questions by Gemj
GMAT & LSAT CR 481 Directions: The questions in this section are based on the reasoning contained in brief statements or passages... 1. Most regular coffee is made from arabica coffee beans because the great majority of consumers prefer its generally richer flavor to that of coffee made from robusta beans. Coffee drinkers who switch to decaffeinated coffee, however, overwhelmingly prefer coffee made from robusta beans, which are unlike arabica beans in that their flavors is not as greatly affected by decaffeination. Depending on the type of bean involved, decaffeination reduces or removes various substances, most of which are flavor-neutral but one of which contributes to the richness of the coffee’s flavor. The statements above provide the most support for which one of the following conclusion? (A) The annual world crop of arabica beans is not large enough to satisfy completely the world demand for regular coffee. (B) Arabica beans contain more caffeine per unit of weight than do robusta beans. (C) Coffee drinkers who drink decaffeinated coffee almost exclusively are the ones who prefer regular coffee made from robusta beans to regular coffee made from arabica beans. (D) Decaffeination of arabica beans extracts more of the substance that enhances a coffee’s flavor than does decaffeination of robusta beans. (E) There are coffee drinkers who switch from drinking regular coffee made from arabica beans to drinking decaffeinated coffee made from arabica beans because coffee made from arabica beans is less costly. 2. For the past 13 years, high school guidance counselors nationwide have implemented an aggressive program to convince high school students to select careers requiring college degrees. The government reported that the percentage of last year’s high school graduates who went on to college was 15 percent greater than the percentage of those who graduated 10 years ago and did so. The counselors concluded from this report that the program had been successful. The guidance counselors’ reasoning depends on which one of the following assumptions about high school graduates?
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