Draw frames for combining two fi bres in india the

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draw frames for combining two fi bres. In India, the textile industry has been prevalent for several centuries and has also been among the important contributors to the economic development of the country. This industry alone accounted for earnings through export worth US$41.4 billion in the fi scal year 2014 2015, an annual growth of 5.4 %, as released by the Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council. The textiles industry in India is tremendously diverse, with hand-spun and hand-woven textiles sectors in one end of the spectrum, and the high capital sophisticated mills sector in the other end as shown in Table 1 . The biggest Table 1 Types of textile industries in India Type of textile industry Units 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 (prov.) 2010 2011 (prov.) Cotton/man-made fi bre textile Mills No. 1773 1830 1853 1940 Spinning mills (non-SSI) No. 1597 1653 1673 1757 Composite mills (non-SSI) No. 176 177 180 183 Spinning mills (SSI) No. 1219 1247 1260 1333 Exclusive weaving mills (non-SSI) No. 179 184 183 174 Powerloom units Lakh No. 4.69 4.94 5.05 5.18 Capacity installed Spindles (SSI + non-SSI) Million No. 39.07 41.34 42.04 47.58 Rotors (SSI + non-SSI) Lakh No. 6.21 6.60 6.75 7.49 Looms (organized sector) Lakh No. 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.66 Powerloom Lakh No. 21.06 22.05 22.46 22.91 Handloom Lakh No. 38.91 38.91 23.77# 23.77# Man-made fi bres Million kilogram 1659 1763 1763 1765 Man-made fi laments Million kilogram 2101 2143 2188 2196 Worsted spindles (woollen) Thousand No. 604 604 604 604 Non-worsted spindles (woollen) Thousand No. 437 437 437 437 (continued) 58 P. Senthil Kumar et al.
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Table 1 (continued) Type of textile industry Units 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 (prov.) 2010 2011 (prov.) Production of fi bres Raw cotton a Lakh bales 307 290 305 325 Man-made fi bres Million kilogram 1244 1066 1268 1285 Raw wool Million kilogram 45.20 45.00 45.00 45.00 Raw silk Million kilogram 18.31 18.37 19.69 20.41 Production of yarn Cotton yarn Million kilogram 2948 2896 3079 3490 Other spun yarn Million kilogram 1055 1014 1114 1223 Man-made fi lament yarn Million kilogram 1509 1418 1523 1550 Production of fabric Cotton Million square meter 27,196 26,898 28,914 31,718 Blended Million square meter 6888 6766 7767 8278 100 % non-cotton (including khadi, wool and silk) Million square meter 21,173 21,302 23,652 21,765 Total Million square meter 55,257 54,966 60,333 61,761 Per capita availability of cloth Square meter 41.85 39.01 43.12 43.96 Production of textile machinery Rs. crore 6155 4063 4245 6150 Textile exports Including jute, coir and handicraft Million US$ 22,147 20,942 22,099 26,561 Textile imports Including jute, coir and handicraft Million US$ 3327 3527 3432 4173 Source Third Handloom Census of India 2010, National Council of Applied Economic Research and Ministry of Textiles Note Exports/Imports datasource DGCI&S, Kolkata Foreign Trade Statistics of India (Principal Commodities and Countries) a Cotton year Nanochemicals and Ef fl uent Treatment in Textile Industries 59
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Table 2 State-wise distribution of textile industries in India State-wise, category-wise and management-wise number of cotton/man-made fi bre textile mills (non-SSI) as on 31/03/2011 States/union territories/cities Number of textile mills Spinning Composite Total Central State Co-op.
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