Establishing a workable plan for governing the western lands between the

Establishing a workable plan for governing the

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Establishing a workable plan for governing the western lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi (Northwest Ordinance of 1787) Preamble: Purposes of the Constitution - Preamble - asserts that the new U.S. government was being established as “we the people” rather than by individual states Purposes: Establish justice Insure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity Delegated, reserved, and concurrent powers - Delegated powers - powers given to the central government that effect the entire nation - Reserved powers - those powers set aside to the states and to the people by the Tenth Amendment that include any and all powers of the Constitution neither delegates nor denies to the states - Concurrent powers - powers that are exercised by both the federal government and the state governments Separation of powers: Legislative, Executive, Judicial - Separation of powers - the Constitution gives the rule of the government to three independent groups or branches Legislative - law-making branch, Congress, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate Executive - law-enforcing branch, headed by the chief executive, the president Judicial - the federal court system that interprets the laws of Congress as they apply to specific cases System of checks and balances: what they are, examples - Checks and balances - limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its viewpoint President over Congress: The President can veto an act from Congress. The President can recommend legislation. President over Supreme Court:
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The President appoints a new justice to the Supreme Court (if there is a vacancy). The president can grant reprieves and pardons. Congress over President: Can override a presidential veto by a 2/3’s vote of each house. The House impeaches the President and then the Senate votes to remove him from office. Congress over Supreme Court: Congress can impeach judges and remove them from office. Congress approves judges. Supreme Court over President: The Supreme Court can declare a presidential act unconstitutional. The Chief Justice presides over the impeachment of the president. Supreme Court over Congress: The Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional. The Supreme Court can interpret the law. Eligibility requirements and duties and powers of the president, member of the House of Representatives, U.S. Senator - President: Qualifications: natural-born citizen, 35 years old, 14 years as a resident of that state Duties: (1) Report to Congress on state of union annually, (2) Propose laws, (3) Receive ambassadors and foreign ministers, (4) See laws are carried out, (5) Commission military officers - House of Representative: Qualifications: 25 years old, 7 years as a citizen, resident of where he/she is being elected - Senator:
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  • CarolynRivers
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