12. In what ways is Yourba an "African religion"? What are the problems with this category? What are the Orisha, and who are the major Orishas? What is Ifa Divination? What role do these concepts and practices play in traditional Yourba religion? WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS WITH THIS CATEGORYAll African Indigenous Religions refer to a specific language that’s different than other languages, routed to a specific region, and tied to a specific ethnicity/race. There is NO ONE African Religion. Olodumare- ruler of the universe; respected more than worshipped, distant & doesn’t play role in peoples lives; has Ashe’Orisha: community of beings, they are like humans, but have powers such as Ashe’Major Orishas— they fall within Ashe’: spiritual power, power to make good things happen and stop the bad from happening Oshun: water, beauty, wealth, passion, sexuality, and romance Yemaya: motherhood Oya: lightning, thunder, warrior goddessShambo: male sexuality, courageEleggua: child, messenger Orumilla: very wise Ifa Divination: lost sense of purpose, don’t know why they’re hereREADING BASED QUESTIONS:1. In the opening pages of Chapter 3, what does Prothero imply regarding Western perceptions of Confucian teachings, and the actual historical and global influence (not the same as demographic scope) of Confucian ideas and values? According to Prothero, on what grounds could it be argued that Confucian teachings do or do not represent a religion? According to Prothero, what happens to "Confucianism" once China becomes a communist nation in 1949, and what sorts of developments characterize the "New Confucianism" of modern day China?