The Gaspee ● a royal schooner stationed in Narragansett Bay to collect customs and catch smugglers. ● When chasing suspected smugglers in 1772, the Gaspée ran aground. at night, it was boarded by colonials and burned, an act of rebellion. ● an intensive investigation failed to turn up a single witness willing to incriminate any of the arsonists.
● Tea Parties ○ Boston Tea Party ○ 60 hard core Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and boarded the East India Company ships and dumped 342 chests of tea in the Boston harbour ■ Closed Boston Harbour until people repaid the cost of the tea ○ Parliament take action: ■ Imposed extraterritoriality ■ Suspended the MA assembly ■ Renewed the QA French and Indian War ● French+Indian allies vs Britain+Indian allies ● Part of a global conflict over colonies, trade, and slave trading ● Just one part of a war fought in NA, Asia, and in Atlantic Ocean, and Europe itself ● Was a conflict over North American control New France ● Compared to the British colonies, New France had larger land and a much smaller population ● Depended on Indians and coexisted with them (intermarriage) ○ Economy based on the Fur Trade as well as Fishing and Hunting ● Depended on natural resources War over Colonies ● By the 18th century the French come in conflict with British settlers when they crossed the Appalachians ● By end of the conflict both sides fought over American colonies ○ British win the war Peace of Paris ● Britain gains control of North America to the Rockies and Canada ● France retains Martinique and Guadalupe (sugar islands) ● 2 tiny little islands were more valuable than entire Canada ○ Shows worth of sugar-super valuable ○ Slaves were basically disposable there ● Habitants-French settlers were allowed to remain in Eastern Canada [Monreal (royal mountain), Quebecois] ● Colonists-considered themselves part of the British empire The First Continental Congress ● 1774-56 delegates met ● **Still pledged loyalty to George III ● Prized education and civility ● Varied but got along due to common goal of rebellion ● Noteworthy people: Benjamin Franklin , Samuel Adams , and Patrick Henry ● Samuel Adams-reputation of being a gradgrind who shunned the social norm ● Joseph Galloway was unfriendly to Adam’s radicalism ● Paul Revere came with a set of defiant declarations called the Suffolk Resolves
○ Aggressive tenor of Suffolk resolves but Congress adopted them ● ****Congress called on Americans to organize and train militias ● HYPOCRISY-colonials claim to be enslaved by the British but they themselves are slave owners Militias ● Every colony required townships and counties to support a militia unit and train regularly ● Typically all men were obligated serve except the very old, disabled, clergymen, college students, and professors (in some colonies Quakers) ● Called the “Minutemen” because In massachusetts in 1774, an emergency “alarm list”
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