Point out that they extended over time along the

This preview shows page 12 - 14 out of 30 pages.

Point out that they extended over time, along the James River to what is today Richmond. (Transparency: The Chesapeake Colonies in the 17thC) By the 1670's and 80's, they had spread along the Carolina coasts, also.144 men made the hard voyage. Some were lost at sea, and others died the very first eveningof their arrival when Indians attacked them. 104 men and boys settled Jamestown (72) in 1607.They quickly learned that they would need protection from the Indians and from the Spanish (who patrolled the coasts). By the end of the winter of 1609-10, only 60 survived. (deaths from Indian attacks, diseases- malaria, typhoid, dysentery, yellow fever) (be sure to note American Places Jamestown)From Private Company to Royal Government The Virginia Co. was desperate to salvage their investments, so they made some reforms. To attract more capital and colonists, they offered a Headrightsystem. New settlers got 50 acresof land, if you could pay for your own passage. One could also come as an indentured servant. In exchange for your passage, you agreed to work for 4 - 7 years, and earn your freedom. (read about the type of people who came)They allowed the settlers to elect a representative assembly, the House of Burgesses The assembly, along with the Governor and an advisory council representing the Virginia Co. could make the laws for the colony. This effort was hugely successful and the colony grew rapidly. However, as the colonists continued to expand in a westward direction, taking up more and more land, the Indians grew more resentful and began to attack them more frequently. Powhatan's brother, Opechancanough, led an uprising in 1622. He attacked Jamestown and killed one-third of its settlers. The uprising was put down, but the settlers now viewed the Indians as the enemy. This attack provoked James I to dissolve the Virginia Co. (there were rumors of gross mismanagement. He made Virginia a "royal colony". It could keep its local government, butwas a subject of the royal government and would have a royal governor. Cultivating Land and Faith (The Founding of Maryland)Maryland was founded by a single aristocratic family-the Calvert’s (Lord Baltimore). They had been granted a 10 million acre preserve of land for their loyalty to the King in 1632. TheCalvert family was Catholic.We will discuss this later, but in the early 1600’ a religious conflict was going on in England:Henry VIII ProtestantElizabeth, a Protestant, died w/o an heir.Crown went to James I, a catholic.James followed by Charles I12
English Civil war…His government was overthrown by the Puritans and Oliver Cromwell (more about them later.) England became a "republic"Cromwell ruled as a dictator until his death in 1658.Monarchy restored in 1660.Charles II, brother of James, made king…a catholicGave away large parcels of land. One of them to Lord Baltimore, of the Calvert family.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture