stream? Frequency? Men, when they turn fifty, should have a PSA test done and if there is a history of prostate cancer, the test can be performed earlier. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Test Prostate cancer is common cancer in the aging male and routine screening, along with a PSA test can detect if the cancer is present, allowing for further follow-up. Elevated PSA levels may indicate an enlarged or inflamed prostate as well. Making the PSA a unique diagnostic and screening tool because of its specificity to prostate diseases. The PSA is a simple blood test that
3 can be performed at any laboratory or physician’s office. PSA is mainly found in semen, which also is produced in the prostate, but small amounts of PSA ordinarily circulate in the blood. PSA Validity and Reliability PSA is not necessarily specific for prostate cancer, and elevated PSA levels have also been reported in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostatitis, and following physical trauma to the prostate (Wang et al., 2017). The PSA test is the first-line tool when screening for prostate cancer, it is a fairly unreliable test, and its validity has raised concerns. PSA screening is widely used to assess prostate cancer, despite its false-positive rate and overtreatment because of its inferior accuracy (Lu et al., 2019). According to Moyer (2018), the United States Preventative
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- Summer '15
- Prostate cancer, Prostate-specific antigen, Prostate-specific antigen test