So, there are many reasons for using instructional strategies other than lecture and recitation. First, research shows that students learn very little (5%) when taught through the lecture method. However, as their active intellectual engagement in the learning process increases they retain more of their learning. Second, living in the information age where knowledge is growing exponentially and facts are available at the click of a button students need to learn “how to learn”. Third, many instructional strategies besides facilitating students’ academic learning also aid development of a number of skills and values and promote their psychological health preparing them for the varied roles they will play in today’s society. Finally in any class of students there will be a range of interests, abilities and styles learning. Varying the teaching strategies will address these differences allowing all children to learn.
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National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture 2010 — Instructional Strategies18 The Learning Pyramid: Outcomes for Traditional Learning Methodology vs. Outcomes for Active / Experiential Learning Methodology This section begins with the lecture methods as teachers are most familiar with and suggests ways to encourage students' participation in a lecture to improve learning. Effective Lecturing Strategy A lecture is a method in which, the teacher transmits ideas, concepts and information to the students. A lecture allows teachers to transmit knowledge and explain key concepts in a limited time to a large group of students. The lack of active intellectual engagement by students could make the lecture boring so that students lose interest which hinders learning. If used with different activities and exercises that call for students participation, the lecture can stimulate students intellectually and facilitate learning. To deliver an effective lecture, the teacher must plan it and identify the purpose of the lecture. In a classic lecture structure, the teacher outlines the purpose of the lecture and the main themes/subtopics that will be covered. Each theme/subtopic is then explained with examples. At the end, the teacher summarizes each theme/subtopic and concludes the lecture. A lecture can be made more effective by the use of diagrams, photos, graphics, etc. using charts, an overhead or multimedia projector.