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Subjective perceptions peoples subjective perceptions

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Subjective PerceptionsPeople’s subjective perceptions shape their behavior and personality.FictionalismoFiction-expectations of the future.Most important-goal of superiority or success.oOur fictional, final goal guides our styles of life and gives unity to our personality.oFictions are ideas that have no real existence, yet they influence our behavior (Mv W)oAdler had a strongly held teleological view of motivation.Physical InferioritiesoAdler believed that all humans have organ inferiorities.oThese physical handicaps are what stimulate our subjective feelings of inferiorityand drive us toward obtaining completion or perfection.oThey have little or no importance in any other way.Unity and Self-Consistency of PersonalityEach person is unique and indivisible.Fundamental unity of personality.Thoughts,feelings, and actions are all directed toward a single goal and serve a single purpose.Organ DialectoThe body’s organs “speak a language which is usually more expressive anddiscloses the individual's opinion more clearly than words are able to do”.
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Chapter 10 / Exercise 3
Introductory Psychology
Rathus
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oOur deficient organ expresses the direction of our individual goal.Conscious and UnconsciousoThe unconscious is the part of the goal that is neither clearly formulated norcompletely understood by the individual and is not helpful.oThe conscious is the part of the goal that is understood and regarded by theindividual as helpful in striving for success.Social InterestSocial interest is a feeling of oneness with all humanity; it implies membership in thesocial community of all people.Someone with a well-developed social interest strives not for personal superiority but forperfection for all people in an ideal community.Origins of Social InterestoOriginates from the mother –child relationship during early infancy.oFather must demonstrate a caring attitude towards the mother.oThe early social environment is so important that it smothers the effects ofheredity.Importance of Social InterestoSole criterion of human values.oPeople with a weak social interest are immature, self-centered, and strive forpersonal power.oHealthy individuals are genuinely concerned about people and have a goal ofsuccess that encompasses the well-being of all people.Style of LifeStyle of life refers to the flavor of a person’s life.It includes their goals, self-concept, feelings for others, and attitude toward the world.It is the product of our heredity, environment, and creative power.It is established by the age of 4 or 5 years and all of our actions after that point revolvearound our style of life.Unhealthy-inflexible lives; inability to choose new ways of reactingHealthy-diverse and flexible behavior; complex, enriched, and changing lives
Creative PowerEach person is empowered with the freedom to create their own style of life.

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Introductory Psychology
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Chapter 10 / Exercise 3
Introductory Psychology
Rathus
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