Conclusion In conclusion, Global warming is not a conqueror to kneel before – but a challenge to rise to. A challenge we must all rise up to. Whoever you are, you can do something to make a difference. EXERCISE Duration: 5 - 10 minutes per passage Q. Please write 5-10 sentences with the PURPOSE ('educate' or 'persuade') mentioned in the front of the topics given a. Importance of Education: (persuade) b. Life without a father: (educate) TECHNIQUES OF BRAINSTORMING 1. Clustering or mind mapping techniques: Brainstorming techniques help you to handle Writer's Block (a state where the Page 143
writer doesn't know what to write and how to begin a passage). I. SPHELTIR II. POPBEANS I. SPHELTIR technique of brainstorming - This approach is to evaluate the topic from multiple environmental dimensions - Social, Political, Historical, Economic, Legal, Technological, International and Religious. Example topic: “Should there be reservations?” Let's see how we can apply SPHELTIR in this topic as a brainstorming technique: 1. S-Social: The social perception to the topic above could start with a. Social inequalities in rural and urban India like untouchability b. Reservations for socially and educationally backward classes 2. P-Political: The political perception to the topic above could start with a. Caste-based vote-bank politics b. Women Reservation Bill 3. H-Historical: The historical perception to the topic above could start with a. Genesis of Caste System in India b. Was there any timeline set by constitution? 4. E - Economic : The economic perception to the topic above could start with a. Creamy Layer b. Reservations in jobs and educational institutes 5. L- Legal: The legal perception to the topic above could start with a. Indian Constitution - Right to equality b. However, 'positive discrimination' allowed 6. T-Technological: The technical perception to the topic above could start with a. Reservations in private sector like IT/ITES b. Is Reservation in IITs/IIMs killing merit? 7. I-International: The international perception to the topic above could start with a. Is Reservation making India less competitive in world? b. Similar policy of affirmative action in USA too. 8. R-Religion: The religion perception to the topic above could start with a. Reservations for Minorities? b. Sachar Committee Report II. The POPBEANS approach of brain storming: This method is more useful for expanding abstract topics. People, Objects, Place, Behaviour, Event, Actions, Nature, Society. Example topic: “Black” Applying POPBEANS method of brain storming to the topic: I. People – terrorism, rebels ii. Objects - black hole, manipulated balance sheet (commerce point) iii. Place - historical monuments, graveyard, south or North Pole. iv. Behaviour- rude and aggressive behaviour v. Event - 26/11, other tragic events vi. Actions - honour killing, female foeticide, negligent behaviour vii. Nature – environmental degradation, catastrophic events, viii. Society - decline in values, morals PASSAGE WRITING CLASSWORK Write a passage with a minimum of 100 and maximum of 150 words.
- Fall '19
- Natural number, Prime number