Meningitis cognitive impairment motor dysfunction

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Meningitis, cognitive impairment, motor dysfunction, fever, seizures, and headache are symptoms of Cryptococcus neoformans. 11. The nurse assesses a patient with recently diagnosed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). When obtaining a health history from the patient, what statement does the nurse determine most correlates with this diagnosis? 1 "I am feeling fatigue in the evening." 2 "I am sleeping six to eight hours per night." 3 "I have had a steady weight loss over the past several months." 4 "I have been having feelings of helplessness and hopelessness." A very common complaint of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is steady weight loss regardless of attempts to maintain or gain weight. Other common findings include anorexia, decreased sleep, constipation, and anxiety. Sleeping six to eight hours per night, fatigue in the evening, and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness may be seen with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, but they are not as diagnostic as unexplained steady weight loss. 12. A patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) taking antiretroviral therapy reports they are starting to feel like they did before starting the therapy. What test should the nurse prepare the patient for? 1 Phenotype assay 2 Western Blot test 3 Standard antibody test 4 White blood cell count lab test The patient may have developed a resistance to the medications, and either a genotype or phenotype assay will let the nurse know if this is the reason why the antiretroviral therapy may not be working effectively. The Western Blot test is done to confirm that the patient has HIV. The standard antibody test is done to test for HIV antibodies. White blood cell count laboratory tests are done to test for possible infection.
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13. A pregnant woman who was tested and diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is very upset. What should the nurse teach this patient about her baby's risk of being born with HIV infection? 1 "The baby probably will be infected with HIV." 2 "Only an abortion will keep your baby from having HIV." 3 "Treatment with antiretroviral therapy will decrease the baby's chance of HIV infection." 4 "The duration and frequency of contact with the organism will determine if the baby gets HIV infection." 3 On average, 25% of infants born to women with untreated HIV will be born with HIV. The risk of transmission is reduced to less than 2% if the infected pregnant woman is treated with antiretroviral therapy. Duration and frequency of contact with the HIV organism are two variables that influence whether transmission of HIV occurs. Volume, virulence, and concentration of the organism, as well as host immune status, are variables related to transmission via blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or breast milk.
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