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oCovert conditioningis an approach to mental health treatment that uses the principles of behavior modification, which emerged from the applied behavior analysis literature to assist people in making improvements in their behavior or innerexperience.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.10.5 – Explain how self-directed desensitization can be used to overcome common fears; and describe the three methods that can be used to help a person learn to relax and the procedures for constructing and using the fear hierarchy. oa behavior therapy treatment for anxieties, fears, and phobias that involves substituting one behavior, generally muscle relaxation, for the unwanted behavior - the fear and anxietyGateway Question 15.11: What are some basic counseling skills?
(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 2,007)Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.11.1 – Describe and provide examples of the basic counseling skills and helping behaviors that can be used by anyone to comfort a person in distress.oIt is a type of pro socialbehavior(voluntary action intended to help or benefit another individual or group of individuals, such as sharing, comforting, rescuing andhelping). Altruism is distinguished fromhelping behavior.Gateway Question 15.12: How could a person find professional help?Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.12.1 – Identify the percentage of Americans who receive treatment for a mental health problem each year; describe the indicators that tend to signal the need for professional help; and explain the importance of finding a well-qualified, highly recommended therapist.oPsychotherapyis the therapeutic treatment of mental illness provided by a trained mental health professional.Psychotherapyexplores thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and seeks to improve an individual's well-being.Psychotherapy paired with medication is the most effective way to promote recovery.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.12.2 – Explain how a person can find professional help through various public sources of information or through a referral. oTherapy is a partnership between an individual and a professional such as a psychologist who is licensed and trained to help people understand their feelings andassist them with changing their behavior.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.12.3 – Discuss the practical considerations in choosing a therapist by identifying the cost and qualifications of the following types of therapy options: psychiatrist, psychologist, counselor, social worker, peer counselor, or self-help group; explain how and where one can find information regarding a therapist’s qualifications; and discuss how to evaluate a therapist, regarding his or her personal characteristics, the therapeutic alliance established, and the danger signals to watch for in therapy. oPracticalrefers to a person, idea, project, etc, as being more concerned with or relevant to practice than theory: he is a verypracticalperson; the idea had nopracticalapplication. Practicable refers to a project or idea as being capable of being done or put into effect: the plan was expensive, yet practicable.