(3a) Political dependence is still observed among the Filipino people, but it is evident that the Philippines still has a (3b) poor political system. This boosts the tendency of(4) political corruptionthat leads to national budget shortages, which could have been used for improvements in education, health, or infrastructure. Anothermain causeof poverty in thePhilippinesis the vulnerability to (5) natural disasters, which leadsto people losing assets on which survival depends. At the same time, their limited resources, lack of access to education and health services can increase their exposure to risks.
Causes of PovertyThe main causes of poverty in the country include the following:low to moderate economic growth for the past 40 years;low growth elasticity of poverty reduction;weakness in employment generation and the quality of jobs generated;failure to fully develop the agriculture sector;high inflation during crisis periods;high levels of population growth;high and persistent levels of inequality (incomes and assets), which dampen the positive impacts of economic expansion; andrecurrent shocks and exposure to risks such as economic crisis, conflicts, natural disasters,and "environmental poverty."