Is the study of how all these internal systems and

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is the study of how all these internal systems and structures func- tion. In this chapter, we introduce the structures and function of the female and male reproductive and genital systems to learn how to care for them. Having accurate knowl- edge about human sexual anatomy and physiology can help you increase your sexual well-being and your ability to talk with loved ones and professionals about what is going on with your body at any one moment. It is critical to understand the physiological and hormonal influences of the body and how they affect males and females in order to exam- ine other social and psychological aspects of our sexuality. How well do you know the inner workings of your sexual anatomy? Take the quiz in "Know Yourself: Sexual Anatomy Facts and Myths" to check your understanding of sexual anatomy and physiology. Being able to label the parts of the body and knowing how the body functions are not the only reasons for studying sexual anatomy and physiology. Thinking about how you feel about your own body will increase your emotional literacy. If you have knowledge of how your body is built and how it functions, you are much less likely to have inaccurate or
Sexual Anatomy Facts and Myths Answer the following true/false questions to gauge your own knowledge of sexual anatomy and to learn whether you have bought into society's most common myths about the structure and function of our sexual bodies. 1. Men have only male hormones and women have only female hormones. 2. The anus has an erotic capacity for both men and women irrespective of sexual orientation. 3. The correct name for the female genitals is the vagina. 4. The clitoris is the only organ in the human body with the sole function of giving sexual pleasure. 5. The ovaries and testes are formed from the same embryonic tissue. 6. Men who have a larger penis can give their partners more orgasms. 7. If you hit it hard enough, a man's penis can break. 8. A vaginal, or G-spot, orgasm is more powerful than an orgasm from clitoral stimulation. 9. Women can ejaculate. 10. All men should be circumcised for hygienic reasons. For the correct answers, see page 99. even false beliefs about sexuality and your body. Time and again research has shown that when people are comfortable with their own bodies and at ease talking about them, they generally do better in communicating their needs, and typically feel better about their own body image (Aggleton, Wood, Malcolm, & Parker, 2005; Tepper & Owens, 2007). In addition, the more comfortable you are with your own body, the better able you are to have important conversations about your body and the body of your sexual partner(s) and to make good health decisions. This factual and emotional communication is critical for creating and maintaining personal relationships over time. It also becomes a starting point for passing positive knowledge along to children, friends, family members, and other important people in your life.

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