Secure attachment occurs when the infant and mother

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Secure attachment occurs when the infant and mother can accurately sense each other'sfeelings and emotions.(Smith, 2016).If a mother inaccurately responds to her infant's needs,insecure attachments develop.In adulthood, with an insecure attachment, the result can beseeking a significant person to provide relief (Foley et al., 2009).Difficulty with maintainingsuccessful adult relationships may occur because of confusing, frightening, or broken emotionalcommunications from infancy Smith (2016). Adults who have insecure attachment styles canlearn to build secure attachments through an attunement (Smith, 2016).Attachment styles areoften dynamic and tend to repeat between generations (Page, 2017).Emotionally Focused Family TherapyEFFT is based on the premise of attachment theory and that problems occur because ofinsecure attachments (Efron & Bradley, 2007).Bowlby and Ainsworth's work laid thefoundation for attachment theory and is the central component of EFFT.Daniel (2006) definedattachment as "as an affectional bond to another person, who is irreplaceable by others, althoughthere may be more than one such relationship" (p. 969).Family patterns of interacting are theprimary focus of EFFT, and the social worker reframes and normalizes the family difficultieswithout placing blame (Stavrianopoulos et al., 2014).James and Jada's presenting issue is James' inability to balance work and home, causingdiscord.EFFT views the family problem as one of attachment.James reported that he did nothave a relationship with his father.James lived with his two younger siblings and his mother and
felt responsible for being the "man of the house."James learned from his family of origin towork more or emotionally retreat during times of stress.Jada reported having a good, loving,and open communication type of relationship with both her parents.In times of stress, Jadalearned to communicate and seek support from her important relationships.James has aninsecure attachment style, and Jada has a secure one.The family pattern is that James retreatswhen Jada pursues, and Alanna has been acting out recently because of James' increased absence.Palmer and Efron (2007, p. 20) posited that EFFT recreates secure attachments by:· Accessing the underlying feelings and attachment· Reframing the problem in terms of unmet attachment needs· Promoting the acceptance of others' emotional experiences· Facilitating the expressions of attachment needs and creating new interactionalresponsesUsing these steps helps the family develop safe, loving, supportive, comforting, and nurturingrelationships that promote emotional responses and behaviors to create the needed safety (Palmer& Efron, 2007).The underlying feelings James is experiencing is competence, Jada is feelingrejected, Alanna has been feeling scared and confused.Reframing the problem for James is thathis unmet attachment need is the need for idolizing.Since he never had a father figure or amentor that could impart wisdom, James was left to his own devices to figure out how to be afather.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Chenobia Webster-Hill
Tags
Family therapy, Jada, Jada James

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