Marxist ideology it was believed soviet union needed

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Marxist ideology It was believed Soviet Union needed to spread this Marxist philosophy internationally Conflicts with capitalism Now Russia had risen to a power where they expected international community to  respect them Kennan believes that Kremlin is so insecure that the international community is trying to  change it and usurp it that it must be in constant conflict with everyone else to  demonstrate its might Why doesn’t the US trust the Soviet Union? All Americans know is… Russia is a godless non democratic state Russia constantly predicts the fall of western institutions VII. The Cold War Begins Definition: perpetual states of tension short of shooting war
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Cold War Starts due to American perceptions of Soviet aggression Stuff beyond sphere of influence Fund communist movements in Greece and Turkey Won’t remove soldiers from Iran Helps Mao come to power in China Great Britain’s Role; they can’t be a world police officer anymore VIII. America assumes Global Leadership Truman and Soviet Threat Truman appeals to Wilsonianism; fighting communist was the moral force of democracy  and freedom against the godless communists Marshal Plan: offers massive money and planning support to any country in Europe that  would take it. Soviets wouldn’t let states in its sphere of influence take the aid Key Period of transitions for American foreign policy  self-image Events in 1949 Formation of NATO in 1949: fight for each other in event of a war Soviets test their first atomic bomb Us starts working on hydrogen bomb in response Mao becomes leader of China Major strategically and tactful lost Loss of China was the result of being soft on Communism IX. US Strategy in the Cold War Link to the legacy of Wilsonianism Cold War really is our one breach form Wilsonianism after WWII
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Containment versus rollback Stop Soviet Union from growing versus pushing back Soviets already existing sphere of  influence Kennan on Containment: long term patient but firm and vigilant of Russian expansion  tendencies They can have what they got right now, but we won’t let them spread any farther Kennan thought if we just stop Soviet ideals from spreading then its economy would  naturally lead to its own decline So how to contain?  Strong point defense: critical thing is not controlling every little last country but the vital  ones (western Europe and Japan) As long as those are on US side industrial might of allies will allow US to overtake them  if necessary Of course this doesn’t actually happen What strong point defense ignored was the American public to assume cerat Perimeter defense: confront the soviets everywhere; cause if you give them an inch they  will take a mile Kennan thought it was too expensive
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