Upon the receipt of two strikes a defendant is given

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California than in any other American state like Washington. Upon the receipt of two strikes, a defendant is given a double sentence, and three strikes earn a person 25 years to life imprisonment with no parole whatsoever. Recidivism rates have in both Washington and California states reduced drastically in the recent years as compared to the past years (Lee & McCrary, 2017). Three strikes legislation has both incapacitation and deterrence effects in the
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THREE STRIKES LEGISLATION 5 states where they are applied. Research has shown that three strikes policy is frequently used in California than anywhere else. The most affected people are the African American people living in California (Hetey & Eberhardt, 2014). In the California prison, 44% of the third-strikers are African American male prisoners. There is an apparent disparity in the racial disparities between the black and the white people in America regarding the third strike offenses committed. More than any other ethnic groups, the African American is more likely to be convicted of three strikes sentences. The effects of three strikes regulations concerning the reduced crime rates have been received both negatively and positively among the U.S population. Some critique the efficacy of the three strikes laws while others are in total agreement with the provisions of the third strikes sentences. Implementation of the third strikes policy is expensive, and that is why some states find it hard to change the legislation regarding third strike sentencing. Third strike policy has been associated with high social and monetary costs. Various studies regarding third strike legislation in California, Washington and other states in the U.S have been ongoing since the mid-1990's. Among the earliest studies was conducted by RAND long before the inception of the third strike policy. Reports from the RAND research established that California's system has the potential to reduce crime rates up to 25% Hetey & Eberhardt, 2014). However, the findings of the study observed that the cost and the benefits of California's broad policy would entirely depend on the policy's full implementation. Most people living in California welcomed the changes associated with the third strike laws upon their, but the critiques of the third strike policy argue that it has done little to reduce the impacts of crime. Before three strikes, people in the state of California would often commit as many criminal activities as they pleased because the consequences were less harsh. With the
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THREE STRIKES LEGISLATION 6 implementation of the third strike legislation, organized crime reduced and so did crime rates. Recidivism rates have also been decreasing since offenders fear the penalties associated with third strike policy among repeat offenders. Impacts of Three Strike Laws on the Criminal Justice and Practitioners The prison structure and make up has been completely changed since the implementation of the three strike legislation. Three strike policy has impacted the population of inmates in prison in California and elsewhere in the world. The American courts across different states in
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