Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals

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2. Explain that a weakness of automated access control systems is that they cannot control how many people enter the building when access is allowed; once an authorized person opens the door, then virtually any number of individuals can follow behind and also enter the building or area. This type of attack is known as tailgating. 3. Use Table 2-5 to describe some of the materials that may be found by dumpster diving. Quick Quiz 2 1. ____ is a general term used for describing software that imposes upon a user’s privacy or security. Answer: Spyware 2. ____ is a software program that delivers advertising content in a manner that is unexpected and unwanted by the user. Teaching Tip Conformity is a group-based behavior, yet it can be used on an individual by convincing the victim that everyone else has been giving the attacker the requested information. This type of attack is successful because it is used as a way to diffuse the responsibility of the employee cooperating and alleviates the stress on the employee.
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Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals, Fourth Edition 2-8 Answer: Adware 3. A(n) ____ is either a small hardware device or a program that monitors each keystroke a user types on the computer’s keyboard. Answer: keylogger 4. _____ is a form of tailgating that involves the tailgater colluding with an authorized person. Answer: Piggybacking Class Discussion Topics 1. Describe and compare the main types of spyware. 2. Why is spam so difficult to eradicate? Additional Projects 1. Have students do some research to find software and hardware that can be used to hack into a computer system. Ask them to summarize their research in a short paper. 2. Ask your students to read more about hybrid threats, such as those that are part of the TDSS, Zeus or other complex threat platforms. Additional Resources 1. Tdss rootkit silently owns the net 2. Adware 3. Rootkit 4. Social Engineering Education 5. Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks
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Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals, Fourth Edition 2-9 Key Terms adware A software program that delivers advertising content in a manner that is unexpected and unwanted by the user. backdoor Software code that gives access to a program or a service that circumvents normal security protections. botnet A logical computer network of zombies under the control of an attacker. computer virus ( virus ) A malicious computer code that, like its biological counterpart, reproduces itself on the same computer. dumpster diving The act of digging through trash receptacles to find information that can be useful in an attack.
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