100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 56 - 59 out of 108 pages.
Functionalist View of the Media Contrary to the conflict perspective, sees the media as valuableFulfills important social functions o1) Information: Allows the spread of information needed for social institutions to function o2) Values and Norms: Helps instill values and norms that allowsociety to function smoothly o3) Entertainment: Media helps keep people happy Media and Health A functionalist analysis of media effects on health suggests that the media helps society function by improving human health
Functioning societies require healthy people Spread valuable information: Public media campaigns can stress theimportance of exercise, eating correctly, vaccination, e.t.c Find information: Can use media to find information to benefit their health Finding where to treat illnessWhether you should go to the doctor or not Symbolic Interactionist View Mixed view: Media can promote domination or improve livelihoods Basic claim: Media helps to construct our social realityIt creates and spreads symbols that become the basis for our shared understanding of society Allows societies to function Means of control and domination Focus: These symbols are used for our social relations and shape them °°Media: Really that powerful?Symbolic interactionists: believe socialization is more complex and that we are able to resist the media Media’s message must coincide w/ and be supported by our social environment/interactions and our preexisting views So if I watch fox news, I’m not going to be influenced. Might actually strengthen views contrary to Fox. °°Shier and Shor: “Shades of Foreign Evil”Elements of both conflict and symbolic interactionism oShore: Prof at McGill focusing on deviance, violence, the media oShier: Former undergraduate at McGill who wrote paper for Shor’s class on this topic oThey collaborated to write the paper oInherently, the article is interested in the effects of the media,although the analysis does not focus on this
oInstead, the analysis focuses on why the media defines some murders as “honour killings” and how “honour killings” are framed oShapes the symbols and meanings we use to interact and make sense of the world °°Methods and findings Method: used Canadian newspapers to explore what causes a murder to gain the label “honor killing” and how “honor killings” arecharacterized Cultural origin: Find that that a murder of a family member will only gain the label “honor killing” if the perpetrator if from the Middle East or South Asia oUsually involves brother/father killing daughter/sister, not husband killing wife °°Media Portrayal of Causes of Killings Analysis compares “honor killings” to “spousal killings” that aren’t labeled “honor killing”. Consider how media frames both oSpousal killings: Media depicts as driven by personal problems/psychosis Not patriarchal even if men killing women oHonor killings: The newspapers blame “culture” for the killingso