Wright and cullen 2000 criminal careers do white

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Wright and Cullen, 2000
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Criminal Careers Do white-collar offenders begin their career later in life? What about aging out? Does this accord with the life-course perspective? Piquero & Weisburd (2009) follow a sample federally convicted white collar offenders over ten years Trajectory analysis suggests considerable diversity among offender types
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Criminal Careers cont. Some theorize white-collar offenders are low frequency and cease once they are apprehended Weisburd & Waring (2001) find of the repeats, 1/3 had two arrests; 1/3 2 – 4x; 1/5 5 - 9x; 13% had 10+ additional arrests Average career duration of 14 years, although low lambda.
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Class Sutherland: all WCC are by people of the upper-class Piquero & Benson (2004) find that most are middle class with moderate incomes Keep in mind their data was an offender sample Conventional crimes seem to be concentrated in the lower class
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Race Minorities are over-represented for conventional crimes, while whites seem to be overrepresented for wcc Minorities seem to commit a fair share of lower-end white-collar crimes Based on UCR stats
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Gender Many argue that once women became a considerable part of the workforce, they will account for a large percentage of total crime An opportunity argument This hasn’t really panned out Although, embezzlement seems to be genderless Women nearly unrepresented in corporate crime
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Daly (1989) Studied female embezzlers Found that females are more likely to work alone The average gain was lower Females were more likely to claim altruistic motives than men
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Things to keep in mind The chosen definition may confound offender characteristics Findings so far are tentative Keep in mind that much of this data were collected during different social conditions Researching WCC is difficult, but progress is being made It is difficult to say how generalizable the findings are so far, i.e. selection bias
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The Remainder of the Course This course will take a wide, sociological approach to the study of white-collar crime
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