There are three requisites of this democracy 1 adult franchise 2 periodic

There are three requisites of this democracy 1 adult

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There are three requisites of this democracy (1) adult franchise (2) periodic accountability (3) two or more parties (4) educated electorate. None of these requisites is to be found during the Nizam-i-Mustafa. Therefore if we want a form of government that was in force during the Islamic Republic, the first question that arises is whether the democratic government was in force in that period. Before the death of the Holy Prophet, no successor was appointed by him because he was the last of the Prophets. To that status none could aspire but there was an Islamic state for which somebody had to be appointed to run it. On this issue there was the possibility of a conflict between the Muhajirs and Ansars. Syed Amir Ali says that according to the Arab custom Hazrat Abu Bakr was appointed as he was the senior member of the Prophet's family. But the actual fact is that since in the illness of the Holy Prophet, Hazrat Abu Bakr had been deputed by him to lead the prayers, Hazrat Umar, after consultation with the Companions, proclaimed him as the Khalifa. Therefore it is not right for Syed Amir Ali to say that Abu Bakr was appointed the Caliph according to some Arab custom, though the services of Abu Bakr demanded that he should be appointed. Hazrat Umar was nominated Khalifa by Hazrat Abu Bakr himself. When Hazrat Umar in a wounded condition was lying on bed in death illness, he appointed a committee of six persons, including Hazrat Usman, to choose his successor, and this committee chose Hazrat Usman as Khalifa. On Hazrat Usman's death there were many persons from Madina present and they chose Hazrat Ali as the Caliph; Hazrat Ali refused saying that he would accept the office if people assembled in the mosque would take the oath of allegiance to him. Accordingly people gathered in the mosque and chose him as the Khalifa.
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From Jinnah to Zia by Muhammad Munir Chief Justice Pakistan (Retd.), Copyright © 93 There was not a glimpse of adult franchise in these appointments though after the appointment of the caliph the sardars of different tribes came to the caliph and gave their hands in Bait (allegiance) to him. This practice signified that all the members of the tribe of the sardars who took the oath of allegiance also took that oath. But this was ex post facto allegiance and not the adult franchise. As all Khalifas were murdered except Abu Bakr there was no need of accountability. But the fact remains that the Khalifa was not appointed for a fixed period. Therefore Hazrat Ali also was not chosen on the basis of adult franchise for a certain term. But democracy has besides being a form of government, other qualities e.g. equality, tolerance, social justice, equality before the law, and these values are found in abundant measure in the history of Islam. But here we are talking of democracy as a form of Government. With the battle of Jamal, there was civil war in Arabia. Muawiya who was a provincial governor, declared himself independent and a Caliph and this was an end to the Khilafat-i-Rashida. Muawiya entered into a treaty with Hasan who gave up his
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