1 what benefits did women receive from their wartime

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1. What benefits did women receive from their wartime work experiences? 2. How did women’s war work increase or change their expectations for equal treatment at work? American Lives: Rosie the Riveter: Margarita Salazar McSweyn
Section 9.1 The Road to War 9.1 The Road to War During the 1930s the United States focused inward to solve its mountain of economic prob- lems. International relations were forced to the back burner, but President Franklin D. Roosevelt did reach out in hopes of securing new trading partners. His Republican predeces- sors refused to recognize the Soviet Union, or Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the single-party Communist state that emerged from the Russian Revolution. But Roosevelt, see- ing a potential market for American trade goods, exchanged ambassadors with the Soviets. It was the beginning of an uneasy alliance between the Communist Soviet Union and capitalistic United States, one that lasted only so long as both parties needed a partner and eventually eroded in the face of global conflict. During the Depression years, much of Roosevelt’s foreign policy focused on interests in the Western Hemisphere. In another effort to shore up trade and end the nation’s economic mal- aise, Roosevelt promoted the Good Neighbor Policy , which ended the pattern of American intervention in Latin American affairs. The policy asserted that the United States recognized the sovereignty of Latin American countries. The longtime occupation of the Dominican Republic came to an end, and a new treaty with Cuba dissolved the Platt Amendment that had granted the United States the right to intervene in that nation’s affairs (Pike, 1995). The relax- ation of concerns about Latin American affairs lasted until the onset of the Cold War, when protection of the region once again became a grave concern. Fascism and New World Leaders As the United States struggled to redefine foreign relations and establish new trading partners, European nations similarly reevaluated their place in the world. Two important European nations, Germany and Italy, witnessed the emergence of totalitarian or Fascist governments. Fascism was the result of radical right-wing ideologies whose proponents saw it as a viable conservative response to threats to the economic and social order. Fascism thus became a violent middle-class attempt to suppress working-class aspirations. It proposed a social unity that eliminated political parties and trade organizations. If, from the perspective of national unity, an individual or group was considered counterproductive, it was eliminated (Curtis, 2003). The tenets of fascism were thus diametrically opposed to those of democracy, and this was one reason the United States came to see the Fascist movement as a threat.

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