Soc 344 Parenting _ Childhood 3 F 08

Authoritative parenting parents are demanding and

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Authoritative Parenting : Parents are demanding and controlling because they impose rules and standards of behavior, but they are also responsive and supportive. These parents, usually middle- and upper-middle-class, encourage autonomy and self-reliance and tend to use positive
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1/30/11 Parenting Styles The martyr . This parent sacrifices everything for the children, lets them do whatever they want, buys them everything they want, waits on them hand and foot, and tries to fulfill their every wish. The pal or buddy . Parents often let their children set their own rules because they want the children to like them. If there is disagreement, a parent who is a pal has little authority. The parent has little power in preventing the children's smoking, drinking, and using drugs. The police officer or drill sergeant . Parents who act as police officers or drill sergeants are usually authoritarian and punitive. They punish even minor offenses such as coming home ten minutes past a curfew. The teacher . Fathers, especially, relish playing the role of teacher. They enjoy helping children with their homework and are especially pleased when children ask for their advice or opinion. The booster and promoter . Both mothers and fathers enjoy their children's accomplishments. They may be especially proud when their children do well in school, sports, or other activities.
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1/30/11 Discipline Corporal punishment : Physical punishment is more prevalent among low- income parents, in the South, for boys, and by mothers, especially younger white mothers (those under age 33). Overall, older parents are less likely to use corporal punishment than younger parents. Verbal Punishment : All parents, across all socioeconomic groups, used verbal and psychological aggression to control or
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1/30/11 Physical punishment sends the message that it is okay to hurt someone you love or someone who is smaller and less powerful . A parent who spanks often says, "I'm doing this because I love you." Thus, children learn that violence and love can go hand in hand and that hitting is an appropriate way to express one's feelings. No human being feels loving toward someone who hits her or him . A strong relationship is based on kindness and cooperation. Hitting may produce only temporary and superficially "good" behavior based on fear. Unexpressed anger is stored inside and may explode later . Anger that has accumulated for many years may erupt during adolescence and adulthood, when the person feels strong enough to show this rage. Spanking can be physically damaging . It can injure the spinal column and nerves and even cause paralysis. Some children have died after mild paddlings because of undiagnosed medical problems. Physical punishment deprives the child of opportunities to learn effective problem solving . Physical punishment teaches a child nothing about how to handle conflict or disagreements.
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