The rights of people with disabilities include the right to sexual expression, theright to privacy, the right to be informed about and have access to neededservices including contraceptive counseling, medical care, genetic counseling,and sex counseling. They also have the right to choose one's marital status, theright to have or not to have children, and the right to make one's own decisionand develop to one's fullest potential.Image: McGraw HillSexuality and CancerLecture NotesCancer is another common health issue that affects sexuality. It is the result ofSlides and Notes for...第18页共31页12/9/14, 3:30 PM
the aberrant behavior of cells. Carcinogens, or cancer causing agents, arebelieved to scramble DNA messages within cells leading to an abandonment ofits normal functions. As a result, cancer can come in the form of benign ormalignant tumors. Benign tumors are slow growing and localized, whereasmalignant tumors are cancerous and invade nearby tissues and disrupt thenormal functioning of vital organs. Metastasis is the process of diseasespreading from one part of the body to another unrelated part, and thisaccounts for the majority of cancer deaths.Women and Breast CancerLecture NotesExcluding cancers of the skin, breast cancer is the most common cancer amongwomen, accounting for slightly more than 1 in every 4 cancers diagnosed inAmerican women. After lung cancer, breast cancer is the second leading causeof death in women. The incidence of breast cancer has increased over the pastdecade, but breast cancer deaths have declined. This is probably because ofearlier cancer detection, improved treatment, and decreased use ofmenopausal hormone therapy in older women. It's important to recognize thatmost breast lumps-75-80%-are not cancerous. Many disappear on their own.Slides and Notes for...第19页共31页12/9/14, 3:30 PM
Of lumps that are surgically removed for diagnostic purposes, 80% prove to bebenign. Assessing the risk of getting breast cancer is a complex, imprecise, andevolving science. However, there are three known factors that overwhelminglyinfluence a woman's risk of developing a solid tumor that invades her breasttissue: age, genetic makeup, and lifetime exposure to estrogen. Simply being awoman who is aging increases the risk of developing breast cancer, with themajority of cases occurring in women aged 60 and older.Breast CancerLecture NotesThe American Cancer Society provides guidelines for early detection of breastcancer. The screening recommendations present guidelines for average-risk,asymptomatic women aged 40 or older and 20-39 years of age . Women atincreased risk should talk with their doctors about the benefits and limitationsof starting mammography screening earlier, having additional tests, such asMRI, or having more frequent exams. Mammography is the use of X-rays todetect breast tumors before they can be seen or felt. Early detection is animportant part of preventive care. The earlier breast cancer is found, the better
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- Spring '08
- Human Sexuality