WOOD, THE CREATION OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC, 1776-1787, at 165(1969). George Mason, former Governor of Virginia remarked, "[Representatives] ought to mixwith the people, think as they think, feel as they feel,---ought to be perfectly amenable to them,and thoroughly acquainted with their interest and condition." CECELIA M. KENYON. THE ANTI-FEDERALISTS at lii (1966) (quoting Richard H. Lee, Letters of a Federal Farmer, in PAMPHLETSON THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 288, 288-89 (Paul L. Ford ed., 1888)). The earlystate constitutions also had declarations and controls to make legislatures "like" the people. Seeinfra notes 34-39 and accompanying text (describing such declarations and controls in the Mary-land, Delaware, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Virginia, and Massachusetts Constitutions).[Vol. 41: 1
1991]TERM LIMITATIONSout any direct input of the colonists to represent American interests, earlyAmericans were tired of being represented by people whose interests differedgreatly from their own.2*This notion of legislative similarity and proximity apparently had demo-graphic implications, with some people insisting that the legislature should re-present all professions.8 0 These people argued that a demographically similarlegislature would make good law because it would do what the people woulddo if assembled personally.81 Thus, early drafters of the state constitutionstried to make legislatures as much like the people as possible.2 However, asthe preratification experience of American state governments illustrates, one ofthe problems with the goal of a demographically similar legislature was that it29. A belief in virtual representation, the theory that certain nonvoting citizens could be ade-quately represented by legislators elected by other citizens with similar interests, was sometimesoffered as a justification for Parliament's authority over the American colonies. But colonialAmericans reacted strongly against the idea that members of Parliament (for whom the Ameri-cans did not vote) could virtually represent them, because the colonists' interests were perceived todiffer greatly from those of British subjects across the Atlantic who did vote. For a description ofthe American rejection of virtual representation and early thoughts on actual representation, seeWOOD, supra note 28, at 173-88.30. Antifederalist Richard Henry Lee stated, "[A] fair representation, therefore, should be soregulated, that every order of men in the community ... can have a share in [the legislature]-inorder to allow professional men, merchants, traders, farmers, mechanics, etc. to bring a just pro-portion of their best informed men respectively into the legislature ....KENYON, supra note 28,at lii (quoting 3 THE DEBATES IN THE SEVERAL STATE CONVENTIONS ON THE ADOPTION OF THEFEDERAL CONSTITUTION AS RECOMMENDED BY THE GENERAL CONVENTION AT PHILADELPHIA, IN1787, at 32 (Jonathan Elliot ed., 2d ed. 1896)).