3 4 complete the chart on protein synthesis steps of

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3.
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4. Complete the chart on Protein Synthesis: Steps of Protein Synthesis Where occurs in cell? Start With End With 5. Transcribe the following strand of DNA - ATACGCTACTAG- 6. Given the following DNA sequence – TACGTAACGTTA- what would the mRNA sequence be? 6. Translate the answer from #5. (Use translation chart in book / notes): a. First, what are you making? b. How does the ribosome read the genetic code? c. Each codon equals one … d. Record your answer here – Biotechnology Test 3 7. List the steps of DNA isolation and briefly describe each. 8. What are restriction enzymes / how used / where come from? 9. What is gel electrophoresis? 10. What is a DNA fingerprint? How used? VI. Genetics: Test 3
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Define- 1. Genotype – 2. Phenotype – 3. Karyotype – 4. Complete the chart for human blood types Genotype(s) Phenotype Inheritance pattern A Dominant to O B Dominant to O AB Codominant O Homo. recessive 5. A woman with blood type A has a child with blood type O. She accuses a man with blood type B of being the father of her child. a. What is the woman’s genotype? b. What is the child’s genotype? c. Could this man be the father? (set up punnett square) d. What is the chance that this man is the father of this child? 6. Male-pattern baldness is an X-linked trait. A man with male-pattern baldness marries a woman who does not carry the trait. a. What is the man’s genotype? b. What is the woman’s genotype? c. What is the chance that their daughter will have the trait? (show punnett square) d. What is the chance that their daughter will have male-pattern baldness? ) e. What is the chance their daughter will be normal? f. What is the chance that their son will have male pattern baldness? Explain! 7. Sketch a karyotype for a boy with Trisomy 21 (Downs Syndrome)
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8. Reproduction (cumulative concept – found on Test 2,3, 4, and 5) Type of Reproduction Definition / Purpose Benefits / Advantages Disadvantages Examples (and type of organisms that do it) Asexual Sexual 9. What are the sources of genetic variation? 10. Why is genetic variation in populations so important? 11. Can asexually reproducing populations have any genetic variation? If so, how? VII. Evolution and Natural Selection: Test 4 1. In your own words, describe the process of natural selection and explain how it can lead to evolution. 2. In your own words, describe the process of genetic drift and explain how it can lead to evolution. 3. What are two examples of genetic drift? Define/describe each. 4. In your own words, describe the process of gene flow (migration) and explain how it can lead to evolution. 5. Define the term evolution –
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6. What is the smallest level of ecology that can evolve? Explain. 7. What are the 3 types of natural selection? Define / describe each. 8. List the evidence for evolution (specific categories) and briefly define / describe each.
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